fbpx

Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-14

1.. With reference to the Chief Minister, consider the following statements:

  1. He holds office during the pleasure of the Governor and he can be dismissed by the Governor at any time.
  2. He can recommend the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly to the Governor atany time.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Statement 1 is not correct. The term of the Chief Minister is not fixed and he holds office during the pleasure of the governor. However, this does not mean that the governor can dismiss him at any time. He cannot be dismissed by the governor as long as he enjoys the majority support in the legislative assembly. But, if he loses the confidence of the assembly, he must resign or the governor can dismiss him.

  • Statement 2 is correct. He can recommend the dissolution of the legislative assembly to the governor at any time.
  • Ans-B

2.. With reference to State Governor, consider the following statements:
1. Method of appointment of Governor is adopted from Canadian Constitution.
2. The same person can be appointed as Governor for two or more states.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • Governor is the head of the state while the Chief Minister is the head of the government.
  • The Governor is the chief executive head of the state.
  • But, like the President, he is a nominal executive head (titular or constitutional head).
  • Office of the Governor is adopted from Government of India Act of 1935 while the method of appointment of state governors by the Centre is borrowed from Canadian Constitution.
  • Usually, there is a Governor for each state, but the 7th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1956 facilitated the appointment of the same person as a governor for two or more states.
  • Ans-C

3.. Consider the following statements:

  1. The corporations or the companies created by the Central government are immune from state taxation.
  2. The property and income of a state is exempted from Central taxation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The property of Centre is exempted from all taxes imposed by a state or any authority within a state like municipalities, district boards, panchayats and so on.
  • But, the Parliament is empowered to remove this ban.
  • The corporations or the companies created by the Central government are not immune from state taxation or local taxation.
  • The reason is that a corporation or a company is a separate legal entity. 
  • The property and income of a state is exempted from Central taxation.
  • Such income may be derived from sovereign functions or commercial functions.
  • But the Centre can tax the commercial operations of a state if Parliament so provides.
  • However, the Parliament can declare any particular trade or business as incidental to the ordinary functions of the government and it would then not be taxable. 
  • Ans-B

4.. With reference to ‘money bills’ in the Indian Parliament, consider the following statements:

  1. A money bill can be introduced only on the recommendation of the President.
  2. The decision of the Speaker on whether a bill is a money bill can be questioned in Parliament.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The Constitution lays down a special procedure for the passing of money bills in the Parliament.
  • A money bill can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha and that too on the recommendation of the President.
  • Every such bill is considered to be a government bill and can be introduced only by a minister.
  • If any question arises whether a bill is a money bill or not, the decision of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha is final.
  • His decision in this regard cannot be questioned in any court of law or in either House of Parliament or even by the President.
  • When a money bill is transmitted to the Rajya Sabha for recommendation and presented to the President for assent, the Speaker endorses it as a money bill.
  • Article 110 of the Constitution deals with the definition of money bills.

It states that a bill is deemed to be a money bill if it contains ‘only’ provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters:

1. The imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax;

2. The regulation of the borrowing of money by the Union government;
3. The custody of the Consolidated Fund of India or the contingency fund of India, the payment of moneys into or the withdrawal of money from any such fund;
4. The appropriation of money out of the Consolidated Fund of India;
5.Declaration of any expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India or increasing the amount of any such expenditure;
6. The receipt of money on account of the Consolidated Fund of India or the public account of India or the custody or issue of such money, or the audit of the accounts of the Union or of a state; or

7. Any matter incidental to any of the matters specified above.

  • Ans-A

5.. Which of the following parameters is/are used to divide the country into electoral constituencies for elections to the Lok Sabha?
1. Underdevelopment
2. National Security
3. Population
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a)  1 only             (b)  2 and 3 only               (c)  3 only            (d)  1, 2 and 3
  • The Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies are directly elected by the people.
  • For the purpose of election, the entire country (state, in case of State Legislative Assembly) is divided into territorial constituencies of roughly equal population.
  • One representative is elected from each constituency through universal adult suffrage where the value of vote of every individual is equal.
  • At present there are 543 constituencies.
  • This number has not changed since 1971 census
  • Ans-C

 

519 total views, 2 views today

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!