Angular distance

The angular distance between the points from the centre is called angular distance.

  India lies entirely in the northern hemisphere, and eastern hemisphere.

  The Tropic of Cancer (23°30′ North) passes through the centre of the country.

  It divides the country into almost two equal parts Northward of this latitude is North India and South of it is known as south India.

  Similarly, 82°30′ East longitude passes almost from the middle of the country. It is known as Standard Meridian of India.

  The 82°30′ E longitude passes through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh).

  The 82°30′ East has been selected as standard Merdian because there is a time lag of almost two hours between Gujarat and Arunanchal Pradesh. Therefore, a Central Meridian is selected to determine the time for the whole country.

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