Bureaucracy Theory

  • Weber was the founder of this model.
  • The term bureaucracy has been interpreted by three connotations in management literature ‘red tape rule boundness’ ‘officialdom’ and an ‘organizational form’.
  • Researcher takes up the last view, an ‘organizational form’.
  • Through principles of bureaucracy very formalized organizational structures, styles are expected.
  • According to this theory, more control and tight supervision, with severe miles and regulations must be applied in any organization.
  • Hierarchical organizational structures are also expected.
  • Most important points of his theory are competency development, organizational hierarchy, drafting miles and regulations and standards, maintenance of records and statistics, appointments based on qualifications and technical competencies, identification of separate management staff in addition to the category of owners of organization, interpersonal relationships, provision of adequate training, promotion based on seniority and achievements.
  • Weber’s ideas in this context are so profound that even today these are reflected in modern organizations and social milieu.
  • Weber is a person who has used the term competency development at first.
  • The very peculiar point here is that without competency development, introduced by Weber, HRM can not apply the concepts like learning to learn and learning and changing organizations.
  • Qualities of Weber’s principles are specialization, rationality, predictability and democracy.

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