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Comparison between Himalayan and Peninsular rivers

Peninsular Rivers

Himalayan Rivers

1

Rivers are very old. Some of them are as old as Pre – Cambrian period.

Rivers are young except some antecedent rivers like Indus, Brahmaputra, Satluj etc.

2

They are mostly consequent rivers

Many of them are inconsequent rivers like Indus, Satluj, Kali, Kosi etc.

3

These rivers have relatively smaller drainage basin. Godavari is an exception in this case.

These rivers generally have large basins.

4

The channels of these rivers are broad

The size of the channel changes drastically from origin to mouth.

5

There is hardly any vertical origin.

Both vertical and lateral erosions are significant.

6

They have low carrying capacity.

They carry a huge load of sediments.

7

These are mainly depositional agents.

They are very strong erosional as well as depositional agents.

8

They make shallow meanders

In the plains they make sharp meanders and ox bow lakes.

9

They are generally not navigable

They are generally navigable in plains.

10

They are mostly seasonal

They are perennial.

11

Most of them originate from western ghats and plateau

They have their origin in Himalayas.

12

They don’t show headward erosion and river capturing

River capturing is a common phenomenon.

13

The East flowing rivers make deltas while west flowing rivers make estuaries.

They make only deltas.

 

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