􏰀  It is derived from 2 words 

  • “Okios”means house or environment 
  • “logos” meaning study of.

􏰀  Ecology is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment.

􏰀  It is not synonymous to Environment.

􏰀  It is closely related to evolutionary biology, genetics and ethology.

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􏰀  This term was first given by Biologist Hackle in 1869.

􏰀  Ancient Indian texts also throw light on ecological principles. Vedas, Samhitas, Brahamanas, Aryankas-Upanishads contain many references to ecological concepts.

􏰀  Charak Samhita ( sanskrit text on Ayurveda ) and Sushruta Samhita (an ancient Sanskrit text ) shows that even earlier also people have good understanding of plant and animal ecology.

Ecology is defined as – Scientific study of relationship of the living organisms with each other and with their environment.


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