- Truss mentions that most widely adopted models of HRM are the hard and soft versions which are based on opposing views of control and human nature strategies.
- The hard model is based on notions of:
i) tight strategic control, and
ii) an economic model of man, according to McGregor’s Theory X.
- On the other hand, the soft model is based on:
i) managing human resource through commitment and
ii) through cohesion or Theory Y.
- Legge narrates that hard model belongs to traditional view of management and it aims to make a control environment in the workplace by tight rules and regulations, order, authority, strict supervision etc.
- Legge asserts that human resource in a firm is to be equated and be utilized like other resources hence a maximum output is expected through a productive mean.
- She expresses that hard model sees human resources as an economic resource.
- Guesf bears a similar view.
- He notes that hard model considers human resource as an economic resource or commodity or like a new technology.
- Hence, the performances or output are expected through using tight control strategies like, rules, regulations, more supervision and disciplinary actions etc.
- The underlined ideology of this model could be specified as the control theory of HRM.
- Put in other words, here the mechanism is devised how to control human behaviour.