Hard model of HRM

  • Truss mentions that most widely adopted models of HRM are the hard and soft versions which are based on opposing views of control and human nature strategies.
  • The hard model is based on notions of:

i) tight strategic control, and

ii) an economic model of man, according to McGregor’s Theory X.

  • On the other hand, the soft model is based on:

i) managing human resource through commitment and

ii) through cohesion or Theory Y.

  • Legge narrates that hard model belongs to traditional view of management and it aims to make a control environment in the workplace by tight rules and regulations, order, authority, strict supervision etc.
  • Legge asserts that human resource in a firm is to be equated and be utilized like other resources hence a maximum output is expected through a productive mean.
  • She expresses that hard model sees human resources as an economic resource.


  • Guesf bears a similar view.
  • He notes that hard model considers human resource as an economic resource or commodity or like a new technology.
  • Hence, the performances or output are expected through using tight control strategies like, rules, regulations, more supervision and disciplinary actions etc.


  • The underlined ideology of this model could be specified as the control theory of HRM.
  • Put in other words, here the mechanism is devised how to control human behaviour.

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