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Land and Sea breeze

  • these winds develop as a consequence of the differential heating of the land and sea surfaces.
  • During the day, the land heats up faster and become warmer than the water off shore.
  • Because of this a low pressure area is created over the land surface and relatively high pressure area on sea surface.
  • This causes wind to blow from sea towards the land. This is called sea breeze.
  • On contrary during night, the land loses its heat relatively faster than the sea, hence a breeze starts flowing from land towards the sea surface. This is called land breeze.
  • These winds are periodic winds and regulate the temperature in coastal areas. The sea breeze has a soothing effect on the weather and increases the efficiency of the people. 
  • These winds are more pronounced in tropical and sub-tropical latitudes as differential heating is more here.

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