Physiography of India

Physiography: It is the study of “Features and attributes of earth’s land surface”.

Geomorphology: It is defined separately as “Branch of geology dealing with surface land features and the processes that create and change them”.

India has a large physiological diversity. There can be two reasons for this diversity:

Endogenic: New landforms are created because of different tectonic activities like folding and faulting. This creates differences in the rock formations. These landmasses have been formed in different geological periods.

Exogenic: Exogenic forces are external forces which carve the old landform and create new features like deserts, V shaped valleys, canyons etc. These are carved by the process of Weathering and erosion.

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