Pitt’s India Act of 1784

It is to rectify the defects of the Regulating Act of 1773, the British Parliament passed the Amending Act of 1781, also known as the Act of Settlement. The next important act was the Pitt’s India Act of 1784.

  • Why the name “PITT”?

The then Prime Minister of British was William Pitt.

Features of the Act

  1. It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company.
  2. It allowed the Court of Directors to manage the commercial affairs but created a new body called Board of Control to manage the political affairs. Thus, it established a system of double government.
  3. It empowered the Board of Control to supervise and direct all operations of the civil and military government or revenues of the British possessions in India.
  • Thus, the act was significant for two reasons:

first, the Company’s territories in India were for the first time called the ‘British possessions in India’; and

second, the British Government was given the supreme control over Company’s affairs and its administration in India.

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