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#1 Which of the following are constitutionally established independent bodies? 1. Election Commission 2. Office of Comptroller and Auditor General of India 3. Joint Public Service Commission 4. National Human Rights Commission. Select the correct answer using code below?Solution (a)
Election Commission and the Office of Comptroller and Auditor General of India are constitutionally established independent bodies.
Joint Public Service Commission and National Human Rights Commission are statutory bodies.
#2 Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) do not audit which of the following? 1. Local bodies 2. Oil and Natural Gas Commission 3. State governments 4. All institutions established by act of Central government. Select the correct answer using code below-?Solution (c)
CAG audits Local bodies, State governments and Central government. However, it has limited role in case of public corporations.
(i) Some corporations are audited totally and directly by the CAG, for example, Damodar Valley Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Air India, Indian Airlines Corporation, and others.
(ii) Some other corporations are audited by private professional auditors who are appointed by the Central Government in consultation with the CAG. The examples are, Central Warehousing Corporation, Industrial Finance Corporation, and others.
(iii) Some other corporations are totally subjected to private audit. In other words, their audit is done exclusively by private professional auditors and the CAG does not come into the picture at all. Examples of such corporations are Life Insurance Corporation of India, Reserve Bank of India, State Bank of India, Food Corporation of India, and others.
· The secret service expenditure is a limitation on the auditing role of the CAG. In this regard, the CAG cannot call for particulars of expenditure incurred by the executive agencies.
#3 Which of the following were the provisions of the 42nd amendment act? 1. Addition of word ‘Socialist’ in the Preamble. 2. Shifting of few subjects from state list to concurrent list. 3. Making right to property a legal right. Select the correct answer using code below?Solution (a)
42 nd Amendment Act, 1976 did the following:
1. Addition of words ‘Socialist, secular and integrity’ in the Preamble. 2. Addition of fundamental duties under Article 51-A.
3. Shifting of few subjects from state list to concurrent list.
4. Addition of new DPSPs.
Right to property was made a legal right under the 44 th amendment act, 1978.
#4 Receipts from which of the following does not form a major source of non-tax revenue of the Centre??Solution (b)
The receipts from the following form the major sources of non-tax revenues of the Centre: (i) Posts and telegraphs
(v) Coinage and currency
(vi) Central public sector enterprises
(vii) Escheat and lapse.
Receipts from forests form non-tax revenue for states.
#5 Consider the following statements with reference to the speaker of Lok Sabha 1. He holds a casting vote in case of a tie. 2. He cannot vote in the house while a resolution for his removal is under consideration in the house. 3. He remains in his office even after the dissolution of Lok Sabha. Which of the statements given above is/are correct??Solution (b)
Normally, speaker does not vote in the first instance. But he can exercise a casting vote in the case of a tie.
When a resolution for the removal of the Speaker is under consideration of the House, he cannot preside at the sitting of the House, though he may be present. However, he can speak and take part in the proceedings of the House at such a time and vote in the first instance, though not in the case of an equality of votes.
Whenever the Lok Sabha is dissolved, the Speaker does not vacate his office and continues till the newly-elected Lok Sabha meets.