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#1 Which of the following statements regarding National Commission of Scheduled Tribes are correct? 1. It was created through 89th Amendment Act of 2003. 2. It comes under the control of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. 3. It has the power of a civil court in investing matters related to violation of rights of STs. Select the correct answer using the code given below.?Answer-2
- Statement 1 is correct: In order to safeguard the interests of the STs more effectively, it was proposed to set up a separate National Commission for STs by bifurcating the existing combined National Commission for SCs and STs. This was done by passing the 89th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2003. This Act further amended Article 338 and inserted a new Article 338-A in the Constitution. The separate National Commission for STs came into existence in 2004.
- Statement 2 is not correct: It comes under the control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
- Statement 3 is correct: The Commission, while investigating any matter or inquiring into any complaint, has all the powers of a civil court trying a suit.
#2 The Chief Information Commissioner is appointed on the recommendation of a committee consisting of 1. Prime Minister 2. Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha 3. Leader of Opposition in Rajya Sabha 4. Union Cabinet Minister nominated by Prime Minister 5. Outgoing Chief Information Commissioner. Select the correct answer using the code given below.?Answer-2
The Central Information Commission consists of a Chief Information Commissioner and not more than
ten Information Commissioners. They are appointed by the President on the recommendation of
a committee consisting of the Prime Minister as Chairperson, the Leader of Opposition in the Lok
Sabha and a Union Cabinet Minister nominated by the Prime Minister.
#3 Consider the following: 1. President’s Rule 2. National Emergency 3. Martial Rule. Which of the above special circumstances has/have an effect on the Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens??Answer-3
President’s rule has no effect on Fundamental Rights whereas National Emergency and Martial Rule have.
When a National Emergency is declared, the Fundamental Rights under Article 19 are automatically
suspended and this suspension continues till the end of the emergency.
#4 With reference to Government of India Act, 1919, consider the following statements: 1. It provided separate electorates for Anglo Indians and Europeans. 2. It introduced direct elections in India. Which of the statements given above is/are correct??Answer-3
Statement 1 is correct. Government of India act, 1919 provided for separate electorate for Sikhs, Indian
Christians, Anglo Indians and Europeans, but for Muslims it was provided by Government of India Act,
1909 by Lord Minto who came to be known as the father of communal electorates.
Statement 2 is correct. Government of India act, 1919 also introduced for the first time bicameralism and
direct elections in the country.
#5 With reference to the President’s rule, consider the following statements: 1. It is imposed only when a state fails to comply with a direction from the Centre. 2. It can be extended to a maximum period of one year with parliamentary approval. Which of the statements given above is/are correct??Answer-4
Statement 1 is not correct : The President‘s Rule can be proclaimed under Article 356 on two grounds – one
mentioned in Article 356 itself and another in Article 365:
Article 356 empowers the President to issue a proclamation, if he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in
which the government of a state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the
Constitution. Notably, the president can act either on a report of the governor of the state or otherwise too
(ie, even without the governor‘s report).
Article 365 says that whenever a state fails to comply with or to give effect to any direction from the
Centre, it will be lawful for the president to hold that a situation has arisen in which the government of the
state cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution.
Statement 2 is not correct : It can be extended for a maximum period of three years with the approval of the
Parliament, every six months.