• ANS-A
  • A bull investor wants to invest thinking the market or the company he/she’s investing in is going to do better.
  • A bear investor is pessimistic about the market and may make more conservative stock choices.


  • ANS-A
  • Union heads of taxation includes taxes other than stamp duties on transactions in stock exchanges and futures markets (List I, Entry 90).


  • ANS-B
  • Sensex is based on 30 most important stocks available on the BSE. Sensex is calculated by assigning proportional weightage to all the stocks using “Market Capitalisation-Weightaged” methodology.
  • The ‘Amsterdam Stock Exchange’ (ASE) began in 17th century, is the oldest continuing stock market.
  • The New York Stock Exchange started in 1792.


  • ANS-B
  • G-Secs are interest bearing dated securities offered by RBI on behalf of Central and State governments.
  • Governments use these funds to meet their expenditure commitments.
  • Since these are backed by government (i.e. the government stands guarantee), they are considered risk free.
  • Because they have no or little risk associated with them, they do not offer very high rates of returns (Risk and Return are directly co-related).
  • They are regulated by RBI even in the secondary market. It was proposed this year that their regulation be shifted to SEBI, but the proposal was later withdrawn.


  • ANS-D
  • QFIs are individuals, groups, or associations, resident in a foreign country that is compliant with financial action task force and that is a signatory to International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO’s) multilateral memorandum of understanding.

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