Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-02

1..With reference to Nizam–ul-mulk Asaf jah who founded the state of Hyderabad in 1724,consider the following statements:

  1. He never declared his independence from the Mughal empire.
  2. He followed an intolerant policy towards the Hindus.
  3. He established an orderly administration in the Deccan different from the Mughal pattern.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)  1 only

(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  1 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3

2..Which of the following factors can be attributed to the increased intensity of famines from 18th and 19th century in India?

  1. Frequent warfare between British and regional powers.
  2. Inflexibility of land revenue policy introduced by British in India.
  3. Speculative practices of English traders.
  4. Forced cultivation of commercial crops.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1, 2 and 4 only
(b)  1 and 3 only
(c)  2, 3 and 4 only
(d)  1, 2, 3 and 4

3..With regard to the reasons for the fall of Maratha Powers, consider the following statements:

  1. They did not give importance to science and technology for the development of modern weaponry.
  2. They lacked interest in trade and industry.
  3. They did not have adequate financial resources.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b)2 and 3 only
(c) 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

4..With reference to history of India what do the terms “Chauth and Sardeshmukhi” refer to?

(a)  Feudal titles given by Marathas to the nobles that made them eligible for fixed number of troops and salary.
(b)  Religious tax imposed by the Mughal emperor on the non-believers.
(c)  It was a tax imposed and collected by Marathas in lieu of promise of non- invasion to areas outside their control.
(d)  It was a land revenue tax imposed by Mughal emperor in the Deccan area.

5..Dual Government was established in Bengal as an immediate effect of which of the following event?

(a)  Battle of Plassey
(b)  Third Carnatic War
(c)  Battle of Buxar
(d)  Regulating Act, 1773

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