QUESTION- Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-07
- The rulers of allying Indians state were compelled to accept the permanent stationing of a British Force within his territory and to pay a subsidy for its maintenance.
- Indian ruler’s were not free to negotiate with any other Indian ruler without consulting the Governor General.
- As a consequence of the victory of battle of Plassey,even the British merchants and and officials were no longer asked to pay any taxes on their private trade.
- Lord Wellesley started Policy of subsidiary alliance to expand British authority in India.
- All major powers such as Hyderabad and Awadh accepted subsidiary alliance treaty offered by Governor General.
- By signing subsidiary alliance treaty, Indian ruler virtually lost his independence. It lost right to self defence, right to maintaining diplomatic relations.
- Before 1828 Persian was official language in courts. But William Bentinck introduced some changes.
- Now the suitor has option to use Persian or vernacular language. Also, the language of Supreme court became English.
- Law commission was set up under lord Macaulay for codification of Indian Laws in 1835.
- Lord Cornwallis separated revenue and justice administration.
- In the Cornwallis code there was separation of revenue and justice administration.
- Lord Cornwallis introduced Permanent Settlement in Bengal that fixed land revenue, which Cornwallis thought would encourage the landholders to invest in modernisation of agriculture.
- He was inspired by the British model of farming where feudal lords were permanent owners of land.
- However, he was criticised by other British administrators for not paying heed to Indian tradition and experience.
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