QUESTION-Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-08
- The Charter Act of 1813 ended the trade monopoly of British East India Company with India, but the trade in tea and trade with China were still exclusive to the company.
- The Charter Act of 1833 brought the Company’s monopoly of tea trade and trade with China also to an end.
- Charter Act of 1813 also had a provision that company should invest Rs 1 Lakh every year on education of Indians.
- In the planning, construction and management of railways, the economic and political development of India and her people was not kept in the forefront.
- On the contrary, the primary consideration was to serve the economic, political and military interests of British imperialism in India.
- The needs of Indian industries regarding their markets and their sources of raw materials were neglected.
- This led to decline of Indian rural artisan industries.
- Nearly the entire amount invested in railways was provided by British investors, Indian capital contributing only a negligible share to it.
- In the Zamindari system, the Zamindars were vested with ownership of land and they collected revenue from the Peasants.
- In the Ryotwari system, land ownership was vested with Peasants and revenue was directly collected from them.
- In the Mahalwari system, village committee was responsible for tax collection and the land ownership was vested with the village community.
- Siraj-ud-daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, captured the Fort William from English in 1756.
- The British prisoners of war were lodged in a prison room in the fort.
- Out of the 146 white prisoners, only 23 survived the next morning when the prison room was opened, the rest having trampled one other down for places near the window.
- Excessive heat and suffocation took a heavy toll.
- Lord Wellesley was in India from 1798-1805.
- Pitts India Act was passed during time of Warren Hastings who was in India from 1773-1785.
- Dalhousie was in India from 1848-1856 and during his time Charter Act, 1853 was passed.
- Canning was in India from 1856-1862 during which the Indian Councils Act, 1861 was passed
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