Prelims-IAS –HISTORY MCQ Ans-15

QUESTION- Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-15
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1…

  • ANS-D
  • During pre British era the role of the money lenders was minuscule and they enjoyed less authority. e.g. they were not allowed to confiscate the land even if the debtor defaults.
  • The British revenue system allowed the transferability of the land.
  • Money lenders were free to decide interest rate.
  • In pre-British times, the interest rate for the money lenders was fixed by usage and public opinion.

2…

  • ANS-A
  • The proportion of Europeans to Indians in Bengal Army was fixed at one to two. Similarly, the proportion was increased in Madras and Bombay Armies and kept at two to five proportion.
  • The crucial Branches Of Army like Artillery, Tanks, and armoured corps were kept exclusively in European hands.
  • Europeans were preferred over Indians in officer corps,same old policy continued as it used to be prior to sepoy mutiny.
  • Soldiers from Awadh, Bihar and Central India were declared Non- martial as they took part in 1857 revolt against British, hence they were not recruited in large scale  where as, Punjabis, Gurkhas and Pathans were declared martial and they were recruited in large numbers.

3…

  • ANS-C
  • The ruin of Indian handicrafts was reflected in the ruin of the towns and cities which were famous for manufacturing.
  • By the end of the 19th century the urban population formed barely 10 percent of the total population.
  • The gradual destruction of rural crafts broke up the union between agriculture and domestic industry in the countryside and thus contributed to the destruction of the self sufficient rural economy.

4…

  • ANS-D
  • The first factory act 1881, dealt with the issue of child labour, children between 7- 12 years can’t work more than 9 hours a day
  • The second factories act 1891,provided weekly holiday for all workers, it fixed daily working hours for women as well as children.
  • But number of hours of work for male workers remain unregulated, No provision of banning child labour was enacted
  • Neither of the two acts applied to British owned tea and coffee plantations.
  • This led to exploitation of local workers in the tea gardens.

5…

  • ANS-A
  • Secretary of State was a member of British cabinet, who was ultimately responsible to the British parliament for all the administrative affairs with reference to India
  • With the advent of Crown rule the Viceroy was subsequently reduced to significantly lower position giving the secretary of state upper hand in the matters of policy making as well as formulation. All in all secretary of state was in top to pass a bill as an Act.

 

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