Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-17
- It could not discuss the budget or a financial measure or any important bills.
- Atleast half of these nominations had to be non official, Indian or British.
- This Council came to be known as Imperial Council
- Hume was a retired civil servant and a man of high ideals so that his presence in INC would have helped in escaping any kind of hostility at such an early stage.
- There were very few people that time who were familiar with western political and liberal ideologies and the tradition of open opposition to the rulers was not yet firmly entrenched
- Ethnic ties were a basic feature of the tribal rebellions. The rebels saw themselves not as a discreet class but as having a tribal identity.
- Not all outsiders were attacked as enemies. Often there was no violence against the non-tribal poor, who worked in tribal villages in supportive economic roles, or who had social relations with the tribals such as telis, gwalas, lohars, carpenters, potters, weavers, washermen, barbers, drummers, and bonded labourers and domestic servants of the outsiders.
- Protest often took the form of spontaneous attacks on outsiders, looting their property and expelling them from their villages. Clashes with authorities were violent and tribals resorted to armed resistance as well.
- Imposition of Free Trade in India, Indian goods were not able to compete with the British goods prepared in industries.
- Princes, chieftains, and zamindars were traditional patrons and buyers of handicrafts.
- Their disappearance or loss of power meant loss of market for Indian handicraft industry.
- There were no discriminatory tariffs against British goods in India.
- In fact, Indian goods were discriminated against in Britain.
- The major cause of all these civil rebellions taken as a whole was the rapid changes the British introduced in the economy, administration and land revenue system.
- These changes led to the disruption of the agrarian society, causing prolonged and widespread suffering among its constituents.
- Not even a part of the enhanced revenue was spent on the development of agriculture or the welfare of the cultivator.
- This was a major reason of discontent among farmers.
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