QUESTION- Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-18
- Self-manufacture of daily necessities = Bengal chemicals 1893, 1901, swadeshi mills etc
- National-education = national schools and Bengal national college
- Arbitration courts = swadesh Bandhab samiti settled 523 cases by 1906
- Village level organisations.
- The Second phase of the struggle in South Africa began in 1906, was characterized by the use of the method named Satyagraha.
- Right of self rule as given to the white colonies was the main demand of Home rule movement.
- The Extremists wanted the 1907 session to be held in Nagpur (Central Provinces) with Tilak or Lajpat Rai as the president and reiteration of the swadeshi, boycott and national education resolutions.
- The Moderates wanted the session at Surat in order to exclude Tilak from the presidency, since a leader from the host province could not be session president (Surat being in Tilak’s home province of Bombay).
- Instead, they wanted Rashbehari Ghosh as the president and sought to drop the resolutions on swadeshi, boycott and national education.
- Both sides adopted rigid positions, leaving no room for compromise.
- The split became inevitable, and the Congress was now dominated by the Moderates who lost no time in reiterating Congress commitment to the goal of self- government within the British Empire and to constitutional methods only to achieve this goal.
- It set up bicameralism in the central by which upper and lower houses were formed.
- It set dyarchy in the provinces by which subjects were divided into Reserved subjects and Transferred subjects.
- Non-Brahmins pitched for the separate electorate but no separate electorate was granted instead seats were reserved for Non Brahmins in south India.
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