QUESTION- Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-21
- To ally minority fears of majority domination Congress accepted league’s position on separate electorate.
- League and congress agreed to present joint demands to government.
- One of the joint-demand was that government should declare that it would confer self-government on Indians at an early date.
- But it hadn’t demanded complete independence.
- Rabindra Nath Tagore renounced his knighthood in protest against Jalliyanwala Bagh massacre.
- Gandhi never got the Knighthood.
- To protest against their leaders Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal a large crowd of people had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh on April 1919.
- Rowlatt Act authorised the government to imprison any person without trial and conviction in court of law.
- This was enacted to supress any discordant voice against the government of India act 1919
- Congress supported Khilafat issue and Hindu and Muslim leader worked together in support of Khilafat issue.
- Even Gandhi was president of All India Khilafat conference.
- Muslims considered Khalifa (Sultan of Turkey) as their religious leader and they wanted a favourable treatment for turkey after the 1st world war.
- Even they demanded that Khalifa’s control over sacred places should be retained and Khalifa should left with sufficient territories.
- Background for non-cooperation movement was prepared during Khilafat movement so Khilafat movement started before Non-cooperation movement.
- An All Parties Conference met in Feb.1928 and appointed a sub-Committee under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru to draft a constitution.
- Thus , it was the first major attempt by the Indians to draft a constitutional framework for the country.
- The Joint Electorates were proposed throughout British India. However, reservation for Muslims was given only where in minority.
- The Motilal Nehru Committee noted that everyone knew that the distribution of provinces in India had no rational basis.
- Thus by raising the the question, at the meeting as to what principles should govern the redistribution of provinces, it suggested the following factors: Partly geographical and partly economic and financial, but the main considerations must necessarily be the wishes of the people and the linguistic unity of the are concerned.
- Women got the right in the 1919 act.
- Besides separate electorates for the Muslims, representation in excess of the strength of their population was accorded to the Muslims.
- Also, the income qualification for Muslim voters was kept lower than that for Hindus.