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Prelims-IAS –HISTORY MCQ Ans-21

QUESTION- Prelims-IAS – HISTORY MCQ-21
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1…

  • ANS-A
  • To ally minority fears of majority domination Congress accepted league’s position on separate electorate.
  • League and congress agreed to present joint demands to government.
  • One of the joint-demand was that government should declare that it would confer self-government on Indians at an early date.
  • But it hadn’t demanded complete independence.

2…

  • ANS-B
  • Rabindra Nath Tagore renounced his knighthood in protest against Jalliyanwala Bagh massacre.
  • Gandhi never got the Knighthood.
  • To protest against their leaders Saifuddin Kitchlew and Satyapal a large crowd of people had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh on April 1919.
  • Rowlatt Act authorised the government to imprison any person without trial and conviction in court of law.
  • This was enacted to supress any discordant voice against the government of India act 1919

3.. 

  • ANS-A
  • Congress supported Khilafat issue and Hindu and Muslim leader worked together in support of Khilafat issue.
  • Even Gandhi was president of All India Khilafat conference.
  • Muslims considered Khalifa (Sultan of Turkey) as their religious leader and they wanted a favourable treatment for turkey after the 1st world war.
  • Even they demanded that Khalifa’s control over sacred places should be retained and Khalifa should left with sufficient territories.
  • Background for non-cooperation movement was prepared during Khilafat movement so Khilafat movement started before Non-cooperation movement.

4..

  • ANS-C
  • An All Parties Conference met in Feb.1928 and appointed a sub-Committee under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru to draft a constitution.
  • Thus , it was the first major attempt by the Indians to draft a constitutional framework for the country.
  • The Joint Electorates were proposed throughout British India. However, reservation for Muslims was given only where in minority.
  • The Motilal Nehru Committee noted that everyone knew that the distribution of provinces in India had no rational basis.
  • Thus by raising the the question, at the meeting as to what principles should govern the redistribution of provinces, it suggested the following factors: Partly geographical and partly economic and financial, but the main considerations must necessarily be the wishes of the people and the linguistic unity of the are concerned.

5…

  • ANS-C
  • Women got the right in the 1919 act.
  • Besides separate electorates for the Muslims, representation in excess of the strength of their population was accorded to the Muslims.
  • Also, the income qualification for Muslim voters was kept lower than that for Hindus.

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