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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ-27

1.. With reference to the Fundamental Rights, consider the following statements:

  1. Fundamental Rights are guaranteed against the actions of the Executive but not that of Legislature.
  2. Courts can enforce the Fundamental Rights against the government but not against the private individuals and bodies.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


2..With reference to Fundamental Duties and Fundamental Rights, consider the following statements:

  1. Like Fundamental Rights, certain duties are applicable to foreigners also.
  2. Like Fundamental Rights, Supreme Court can issue writs for enforcement of Fundamental Duties.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2


3…Consider the following statements regarding Lokpal:

  1. It is an anti-corruption ombudsman at the Central level.
  2. Lokpal can award fine for false or frivolous complaints.
  3. It covers all categories of public servants, including the Prime Minister.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)  1 and 3 only
(b)  1 only
(c)  2 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3


4.. Which of the following statements is not correct with respect to Pitts India Act of 1784?

  1. It distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the Company.
  2. It provided for the establishment of a Supreme Court at Calcutta.
  3. It created a new body called Board of Control.
  4. The territories in India were for the first time called the ‘British possessions in India’.

5..Which of the following terms feature in the Preamble to Indian Constitution?

1. Secular
2. Fraternity
3. Communism
4. Equality
5. Inclusive
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  3, 4 and 5 only
(c)  1, 2 and 4 only
(d)  1, 2, 4 and 5 only


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