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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-4

1. Consider the following statements regarding Constituent Assembly of India:

1. Members of Constituent Assembly were directly elected by members of Provincial Legislative Assemblies.
2. Representation was not provided to the Princely States of India.
3. The seats in each Province were distributed among the three main communities, Muslims, Sikhs and general, in proportion to their respective populations.
Which of the above statements are correct?

a)  1 and 2 .   b)  2 and 3 .   c)  3 only .   d)  All of the above

  • Formally, the Constitution was made by the Constituent Assembly which had been elected for undivided India.
  • It held its first sitting on 9 December 1946 and reassembled as Constituent Assembly for divided India on 14 August 1947.
  • Its members were chosen by indirect election by the members of the Provincial Legislative Assemblies that had been established under the Government of India Act, 1935.
  • The Constituent Assembly was composed roughly along the lines suggested by the plan proposed by the committee of the British cabinet, known as the Cabinet Mission.
  • According to this plan:· Each Province and each Princely State or group of States were allotted seats proportional to their respective population roughly in the ratio of 1:10,00,000.
  • As a result the Provinces (that were under direct British rule) were to elect 292 members while the Princely States were allotted a minimum of 93 seats.·
  • The seats in each Province were distributed among the three main communities , Muslims, Sikhs and general, in proportion to their respective populations.·
  • Members of each community in the Provincial Legislative Assembly elected their own representatives by the method of proportional representation with single transferable vote.·
  • The method of selection in the case of representatives of Princely States was to be determined by consultation
  • Ans-C

2. After Independence India followed the idea of Universal Adult Suffrage. What is the meaning of Universal Adult Suffrage?

a)  All adults are given the right to vote without discrimination of caste, colour, race, gender or occupation.
b)  All adults of the country will have to suffer in the same way as the country is suffering.
c)  Fundamental rights can be curtailed by the Government in case of a National Emergency.
d)  Only male adult members of the country have the right to contest for elections.
  • Universal Adult Suffrage or Adult franchise means that the right to vote should be given to all adult citizens without the discrimination of caste, class, colour, religion or sex.
  • It demands that the right to vote should be equally available among all.
  • To deny any class of persons from exercising this right is to violate their right to equality.
  • Ans-a

3.  Which of the following are correct differences between Fundamental Rights and Other Rights available to us?

1. While ordinary legal rights are protected and enforced by ordinary law, Fundamental Rights are protected and guaranteed by the constitution
2. Ordinary rights may be changed by the legislature by ordinary process of law making, but a fundamental right may only be changed by amending the Constitution
Select the code from following:
a)  1 only .        b)  2 only            c)  Both 1 and 2               d)  Both 1 and 2
  • Fundamental Rights are different from other rights available to us.
  • While ordinary legal rights are protected and enforced by ordinary law, Fundamental Rights are protected and guaranteed by the constitution of the country.
  • Ordinary rights may be changed by the legislature by ordinary process of law making, but a fundamental right may only be changed by amending the Constitution itself.
  • Besides this, no organ of the government can act in a manner that violates them.
  • ans – c

 

4. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Indian law

a)  An accused is not considered guilty till the court has found he is guilty

b)  An accused is considered guilty till he proves in court that he is not guilty

c)  An accused can be indefinitely kept for interrogation by police without presented before a magistrate.

d)  None of the above

  • Our Constitution ensures that persons accused of various offences would also get sufficient protection.
  • We often tend to believe that anyone who is charged with some offence is guilty.
  • However, no one is guilty unless the court has found that person guilty of an offence.
  • It is also necessary that a person accused of any crime should get adequate opportunity to defend herself or himself.
  • ans -a

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