1.. Joint sitting is provided by the Constitution to resolve a deadlock between the two Houses of Parliament over the passage of a bill. Which of the following categories of bills can a joint sitting be convened for?
- Ordinary bill
- Constitutional Amendment bill
- Money bill
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1 and 2 only
- Joint sitting is provided by the Constitution to resolve a deadlock between the two Houses of Parliament over the passage of a bill.
- A deadlock is deemed to have taken place under any one of the following three situations after a bill has been passed by one House and transmitted to the other House:
- In the above three situations, the President can summon both the Houses to meet in a joint sitting for the purpose of deliberating and voting on the bill.
- This sitting is presided over by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha.
- This provision of joint sitting is applicable to ordinary bills or financial bills only and not to money bills or Constitutional amendment bills.
- In the case of a money bill, the Lok Sabha has overriding powers, while a Constitutional amendment bill must be passed by each House separately.
2..Consider the following statements:
- The President usually appoints the senior most member of the Lok Sabha as the Speaker Pro Tem.
- The President administers oath to the Speaker Pro Tem.
- The office of the Pro Tem Speaker is temporary so it has limited powers.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only . (b) 1 and 2 only (c) 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2 and 3
- The President appoints a member of the Lok Sabha as the Speaker Pro Tem. Usually, the senior most member is selected for this.
- The President himself administers oath to the Speaker Pro Tem.
- Hence, statements 1 and 2 are correct.
- This office is a temporary office, existing for a few days.
- However, the Speaker Pro Tem has all the powers of the Speaker.
- Hence, statement 3 is not correct.
- There is a uniform system of bicameral legislatures across all the states.
- Minimum strength of any state assembly cannot go below 60 members.
- Legislative assembly of any state must have only directly elected members.
Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?
- Statement 1 is not correct: There is no uniformity in the organisation of state legislatures. Most of the states have an unicameral system, while others have a bicameral system.
- Statement 2 is not correct: The legislative assembly consists of representatives directly elected by the people on the basis of universal adult franchise. Its maximum strength is fixed at 500 and minimum strength at 60. It means that its strength varies from 60 to 500 depending on the population size of the state. However, in case of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Goa, the minimum number is fixed at 30 and in case of Mizoram and Nagaland, it is 40 and 46 respectively.
- Statement 3 is not correct: While the MLAs are elected directly but some members of the legislative assemblies in Sikkim and Nagaland are also elected indirectly. In addition of elected representatives, the governor can nominate one member from Anglo-Indian community to the assembly if in his opinion the community is not adequately represented. Under the 95th amendment Act of the Constitution, 2009, this is to last till 2020.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
- Statement 1 is correct: Article 74 provides for a council of ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to aid and advise the President in the exercise of his functions. The 42nd and 44th Constitutional Amendment Acts have made the advice binding on the President.
- Statement 2 is not correct: Unlike Britain, in India, there is no provision in the Constitution for the system of legal responsibility of a minister. It is not required that an order of the President for a public act should be countersigned by a minister.
- Elected members
- Nominated members
- Presiding officer.
- Quorum is the minimum number of members required to be present in the House before it can transact any business.
- It is one-tenth of the total number of members in each House including the presiding officer.
- It means that there must be at least 55 members present in the Lok Sabha and 25 members present in the Rajya Sabha, if any business is to be conducted.
- If there is no quorum during a meeting of the House, it is the duty of the presiding officer either to adjourn the House or to suspend the meeting until there is a quorum.
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