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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-11

1.. Which among the following tools has/have the effect of reducing Parliamentary control over the executive in India?
1. Guillotine
2. Delegated Legislation
3. Adjournment motion
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

  • There has been decline in parliamentary control over the executive in India due to many reasons like absence of quorum, boycott of sessions by members of opposition which deprive the house the power to control the executive through discussion.
  • Guillotine is a closure motion where the undiscussed clauses of a bill or a resolution are also put to vote along with the discussed ones due to want of time (as the time allotted for the discussion is over). The increased recourse to ‘guillotine’ has reduced the scope of financial control.
  • Delegated legislation is law made by an executive authority under powers given to them by primary legislation in order to implement and administer the requirements of that primary legislation. The growth of ‘delegated legislation’ has reduced the role of Parliament in making detailed laws and has increased the powers of the bureaucracy, thereby reducing Parliamentary control over the executive.
  • The Constitution of India established a parliamentary form of government in which the Executive is responsible to the Parliament for its policies and acts. Hence, the Parliament exercises control over the Executive through Question hour, Zero Hour, Calling attention motion and adjournment motion etc. Hence, option 3 is not correct.
  • Ans- B

2.. Consider the following statements:
1. The district judge does not have appellate jurisdiction in criminal matters.
2. The sessions judge has power to impose capital punishment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • The District Judge is the highest judicial authority in the district.
  • He possesses original and appellate jurisdiction in both civil as well as criminal matters.
  • The district judge exercises both judicial and administrative powers.
  • He also has supervisory powers over all the subordinate courts in the district.
  • Appeals against his orders and judgements lie to the High Court.
  • Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • The Sessions Judge has the power to impose any sentence including life imprisonment and capital punishment (death sentence).
  • However,a capital punishment passed by him is subject to confirmation by the High Court, whether there is an appeal or not. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Ans- B

3.. Which of the following Parliamentary committees are chaired by the Speaker?

  1. Public Accounts Committee
  2. Business advisory Committee
  3. Ethics Committee
  4. Rules Committee
  5. General Purpose Committee

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2, 4 and 5 only
(c) 1, 4 and 5 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

  • The Speaker appoints the chairman of all the parliamentary committees of the Lok Sabha and supervises their functioning. He himself is the chairman of the Business Advisory Committee, the Rules Committee and the General Purpose Committee. Hence, the answer is (b)
  • Public Accounts Committee: The function of the committee is to examine the annual audit reports of the comptroller and auditor general of India (CAG), which are laid before the Parliament by the president. The CAG submits three audit reports to the president, namely, audit report on appropriation accounts, 
    audit report on finance accounts and audit report on public undertakings. At present, it consists of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). The members are elected by the Parliament every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. Conventionally, chairman of the committee is selected from the opposition and appointed by the Speaker.

    • Business Advisory Committee: It regulates the programme and time table of the House. It allocates time for the transaction of legislative and other business brought before the House by the government. The Lok Sabha committee consists of 15 members including the Speaker as its chairman. In the Rajya Sabha, it has 11 members including the Chairman as its ex-oficio chairman.
    • Ethics Committee: It was constituted in Rajya Sabha in 1997 and in Lok Sabha in 2000. It enforces the code of conduct of members of Parliament. It examines the cases of misconduct and recommends appropriate action. Thus, it is engaged in maintaining discipline and decorum in Parliament.
    • Rules Committee: It considers the matters of procedure and conduct of business in the House and recommends necessary amendments, or additions to the Rules of the House. The Lok Sabha committee consists of 15 members including the Speaker as its ex-officio chairman. In Rajya Sabha, it consists of 16 members including the Chairman as its ex-of icio chairman.
    • General Purposes Committee It considers and advises on matters concerning affairs of the House, which do not fall within the jurisdiction of any other parliamentary committee. In each House, the committee consists of the presiding officer (Speaker/Chairman) as its ex-of icio chairman, Deputy Speaker (Deputy Chairman in the case of Rajya Sabha), members of panel of chairpersons (panel of vice-chairpersons in the case of Rajya Sabha), chairpersons of all the departmental standing committees of the House, leaders of recognised parties and groups in the House and such other members as nominated by the presiding officer.
    • Ans-B

4.. With reference to the Indian Parliament, a ‘Motion of thanks’ is moved for
(a)  discussion on address given by the Speaker to the Lok Sabha upon assuming office.
(b)  discussion on address given by the President in the first session of each year.(c)  discussion on address given by the President to Parliament after a general election.
(d)  Both ‘b’ and ‘c’ are correct
  • The first session after each general election and the first session of every year is addressed by the President.
  • In this address, the President outlines the policies and programmes of the government in the preceding year and ensuing year.
  • This address of the president, which corresponds to the ‘speech from the throne in Britain’, is discussed in both the Houses of Parliament on a motion called the ‘Motion of Thanks’.
  • At the end of the discussion, the motion is put to vote.
  • This motion must be passed in the Lok Sabha.
  • Otherwise, it amounts to the defeat of the government.
  • This inaugural speech of the President is an occasion available to the members of Parliament to raise discussions and debates to examine and criticise the government and administration for their lapses and failures.
  • Ans-D

5.. Consider the following statements:

  1. Governor’s assent is not required when the bill is reserved for the consideration of the President.
  2. If a state’s bill, returned by the President,is passed again by the state legislature after reconsideration, President must give his assent to the bill.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only .         (b) 2 only                (c) Both 1 and 2              (d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • When the Governor reserves a bill for the consideration of the President, he will not have any further role in the enactment of the bill.
  • If the bill is returned by the President for the reconsideration of the House or Houses and is passed again, the bill must be presented again for the Presidential assent only.
  • However The President is not obliged to give assent to the bill.
  • If the President gives his assent to the bill, it becomes an Act.
  • This means that the assent of the Governor is no longer required.
  • Hence, statement 1 is correct and 2 is not correct.
  • Ans-A

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