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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-16

1.. With reference to Permanent Lok Adalats, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. They are established to deal with cases pertaining to public utility services.
  2. Its success is mainly dependent on the settlement between aggrieved parties outside the courts.
  3. It seeks to reduce the workload of the regular courts.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  1 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
  • The Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 was amended in 2002 to provide for the establishment of the Permanent Lok Adalats to deal with cases-pertaining to the public utility services. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • A major drawback in the existing scheme of organization of the Lok Adalats under the said Act is that the system of Lok Adalats is mainly based on compromise or settlement between the parties. If the parties do not arrive at any compromise or settlement, the case is either returned to the court of law or the parties are advised to seek remedy in a court of law. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Under Lok Adalats, petty cases involving Public utilities, which ought not to go in the regular courts would be settled at the pre-litigation stage itself such as those involving Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited, Delhi Vidyut Board, etc. Thus it would result in reducing the workload of the regular courts to a great extent. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
  • Ans-D

2.. With reference to the Parliament of India, consider the following statements:

  1. The original Constitution of India adopted the names ‘Rajya Sabha’ and ‘Lok Sabha’ for the two houses of the Parliament.
  2. Both the President and the Vice President constitute a part of the Parliament.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • Under the Constitution, the Parliament of India consists of three parts viz, the President, the Council of States and the House of the People.
  • In 1954, the Hindi names ‘Rajya Sabha’ and ‘Lok Sabha’ were adopted by the Council of States and the House of People respectively.
  • Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • The Chairman of the ‘Council of States’ or the Rajya Sabha i.e Vice President is not a member of the House, unlike the Speaker (who is a member of the House). Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Ans-D

3.. Supreme Court is a Court of Record. It implies that
1. The judgements of Supreme Court are recorded for perpetual memory.
2. The Supreme Court has the power to punish for contempt of court.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • As a Court of Record, the Supreme Court has two powers:
    (a) The judgements, proceedings and acts of the Supreme Court are recorded for perpetual memory and testimony. These records are admitted to be of evidentiary value and cannot be questioned when produced before any court. They are recognised as legal precedents and legal references.

(b) It has power to punish for contempt of court, either with simple imprisonment for a term up to six months or with fine up to Rs.2,000 or with both. In 1991, the Supreme Court has ruled that it has  power to punish for contempt not only of itself but also of high courts, subordinate courts and tribunals functioning in the entire country.

  • Ans-C

4..With reference to centre state financial relations, which of the following net proceeds of taxes not form a part of Consolidated Fund of India?

  1. Taxes on the consignment of goods in the course of inter-state trade or commerce.
  2. Stamp duties on bills of exchange and policies of insurance.
  3. Taxes on agricultural income.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 only
(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  1 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
The net proceeds of taxes that do not form a part of Consolidated Fund of India includes the following taxes and duties:
(a) Stamp duties on bills of exchange, cheques, promissory notes, policies of insurance, transfer of shares and others.
(b)  Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods (other than newspapers) in the course of inter-state trade or commerce.
(c)  Taxes on the consignment of goods in the course of inter-state trade or commerce.
(d)  Taxes on agricultural income, succession and estate duties in respect of agricultural land.
  • Hence, all the statements are correct.
  • Ans-D

5.. With reference to the leader of opposition, consider the following statements:

  1. The office of leader of opposition has no statutory recognition.
  2. He is appointed only in the Lok Sabha
  3. He is the leader of the largest opposition party having 10 percent or more seats of the total strength of the House.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 2 and 3 only
(d) 3 only

  • It was in 1969 that an official leader of the opposition was recognised for the first time. However, the leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha were accorded statutory recognition in 1977. Hence, statements 1 and 2 are not correct.
  • In each House of Parliament, there is the ‘Leader of the Opposition’. The leader of the largest Opposition party having not less than one-tenth seats of the total strength of the House is recognised as the leader of the Opposition in that House. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
  • Ans-D

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