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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-18

1.. With regard to the judge of a High Court, consider the following statements:

  1. He can be removed from his office by the Governor on the recommendation of the President.
  2. He can resign from his office by writing to the President.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The Constitution has not fixed the tenure of a judge of a High Court. However, it makes the following four provisions in this regard:
    1. He holds office until he attains the age of 62 years. Any questions regarding his age is to be decided by the president after consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the decision of the President is final.
    2. He can resign from his office by writing to the President. Hence, only statement 2 is correct.
    3. He can be removed from his office by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament. Although, the High Court judge does not work on the pleasure of the President.
    4. He vacates his office when he is appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court or when he is transferred to another High Court.
  • Ans-B

2.. According to the Constitution of India, which among the following are the grounds of removal for a Supreme Court judge?

  1. Proved misbehavior
  2. Incapacity
  3. Violation of constitution
  4. Corruption
  5. Insolvency

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  2 and 5 only
(b)  1, 3, 4 and 5 only
(c)  1, 2, 3 and 4 only

(d)  1 and 2 only

  • A judge of the Supreme Court can be removed from his Office by an order of the President.
  • The President can issue the removal order only after an address by Parliament has been presented to him in the same session for such removal.
    • The address must be supported by a special majority of each House of Parliament (ie, a majority of the total membership of that House and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting). The grounds of removal are two—proved misbehaviour or incapacity.
    • Ans-D

3.. What are main objectives  of the  ‘E- Governance’?

  1. Empowering  people through information.
  2. Improved efficiency within Governments.
  3. Better service delivery to the citizens.
  4. Ushering in transparency and accountability.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a)  1 and 3 only
(b)  2, 3 and 4 only
(c)  1, 2, 3 and 4

(d)  2 and 4 only

  • E-Governance refers to the use by government agencies of Information Technologies (such as Wide AreaNetworks, the Internet and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and various arms of government resulting in better delivery of government services to citizens, improved interactions with business and industry, citizen empowerment through access to information, or more efficient government management. The resultant benefits are less corruption, increased transparency, greater convenience, revenue growth, and cost reductions.

The goals of e-Governance are:
(a) Better service delivery to citizens

(b) Ushering in transparency and accountability
(c) Empowering people through information
(d) Improved efficiency within Governments
(e) Improve interface with business and industry

  • Ans-C

4.. Consider the following statements:

  1. The President may entrust to the state government any of the executive functions of the Centre without the consent of that state.
  2. The Governor of a state may entrust to the Central government any of the executive functions of the state with the consent of the Centre.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • The Constitution provides for inter-government delegation of executive functions in order to mitigate rigidity and avoid a situation of deadlock.
  • Accordingly, the President may, with the consent of the state government, entrust to that government anyof the executive functions of the Centre. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • Conversely, the Governor of a state may, with the consent of the Central government, entrust to that government any of the executive functions of the state. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • This mutual delegation of administrative functions may be conditional or unconditional.
  • The Constitution also makes a provision for the entrustment of the executive functions of the Centre to a state without the consent of that state. But, in this case, the delegation is by the Parliament and not by the President. Thus, a law made by the Parliament on a subject of the Union List can confer powers and impose duties on a state, or authorise the conferring of powers and imposition of duties by the Centre upon a state (irrespective of the consent of the state concerned). Notably, the same thing cannot be done by the state legislature.
  • Ans-B

5.. “e-Governance facilitates interaction between different stakeholders in governance”. Which of the following interaction models does exist in e- Governance ?

  1. G2G (Government to Government)
  2. G2E (Government to Employees)
  3. G2C (Government to Citizens)

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  2 only
(b)  1 only
(c)  1 and 3 only

(d)  1, 2 and 3

e-Governance facilitates interaction between different stakeholders in governance. These interactions may be described as follows:
o G2G (Government to Government) – In this case, Information and Communications Technology is used not only to restructure the governmental processes involved in the functioning of government entities but also to increase the flow of information and services within and between different entities. This kind of interaction is only within the sphere of government and can be both horizontal i.e. between different government agencies as well as between different functional areas within an organisation, or vertical i.e. between national, provincial and local government agencies as well as between different levels within an organisation. The primary objective is to increase efficiency, performance and output.
o G2C (Government to Citizens) – In this case, an interface is created between the government and citizens which enables the citizens to benefit from efficient delivery of a large range of public services. This expands the availability and accessibility of public services on the one hand and improves the quality of services on the other. It gives citizens the choice of when to interact with the government (e.g. 24 hours a day, 7 days a week), from where to interact with the government (e.g. service centre, unattended kiosk or from one’s home/workplace) and how to interact with the government (e.g. through internet, fax, telephone, email, face-to-face, etc). The primary purpose is to make government, citizen-friendly.
o G2B (Government to Business) – Here, e-Governance tools are used to aid the business community – providers of goods and services – to seamlessly interact with the government. The objective is to cut red tape, save time, reduce operational costs and to create a more transparent business environment when dealing with the government. The G2B initiatives can be transactional, such as in licensing, permits, procurement and revenue collection. They can also be promotional and facilitative, such as in trade, tourism and investment. These measures help to provide a congenial environment to businesses to enable them to perform more efficiently.
o G2E (Government to Employees) – Government is by far the biggest employer and like any organisation, it has to interact with its employees on a regular basis. This interaction is a two-way process between the organisation and the employee. Use of ICT tools helps in making these interactions fast and efficient on the one hand and increase satisfaction levels of employees on the other.
  • Ans-D

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