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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-19

1.. In the context of Governance, consider the following regarding the ‘Sevottam’ model:

  1. It focuses on the effective implementation of Citizen’s Charter.
  2. It has been created by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Sevottam literally is the combination of Hindi words ‘SEWA + UTTAM’, meaning uttam sewa i.e. excellence in services. It has basically three components

o Citizen Charter

o Public Grievance Redress Mechanism

o Service Delivery Capability.

  • The 2nd ARC in its 12th Report “Citizen Centric administration” has recommended that Union and State Governments should make SEVOTTAM mandatory for all organizations having public interface.It aims to provide an assessment improvement framework to bring excellence in public service delivery. The model works as an evaluation mechanism to assess the quality of internal processes and their impact on the quality of service delivery.
  • Sevottam framework was created by the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances, Government of India in 2005. An organization which meets Indian Standard 15700:2005 will be entitled for “Sevottam” certification, “Sevottam” being the Indian name for excellence in service delivery.
    • Ans-C

2.. Which among the following categories of bills would lapse upon the dissolution of the Lok Sabha?

  1. A bill passed by the Lok Sabha but pending in the Rajya Sabha.
  2. A bill pending in the Rajya Sabha but not passed by the Lok Sabha.
  3. A bill passed by both Houses but pending assent of the President.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 only       (b)  1 and 3 only         (c)  1, 2 and 3        (d)  3 only

  • When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions and so on pending before it or its committees lapse.
  • In order to be further pursued they must be reintroduced in the newly-constituted Lok Sabha.
  • However, some pending bills and all pending assurances that are to be examined by the Committee on Government Assurances do not lapse on the dissolution of the Lok Sabha.
  • The position with respect to lapsing of bills is as follows:
    1. A bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses (whether originating in the Lok Sabha or transmitted to it by the Rajya Sabha).
    2. A bill passed by the Lok Sabha but pending in the Rajya Sabha lapses.
    3. A bill not passed by the two Houses due to disagreement and if the President has notified the holding of a joint sitting before the dissolution of Lok Sabha, does not lapse.
    4. A bill pending in the Rajya Sabha but not passed by the Lok Sabha does not lapse.
    5. A bill passed by both Houses but pending assent of the President does not lapse.
    6. A bill passed by both Houses but returned by the President for reconsideration of Houses does not lapse.
  • Ans-A

3.. Which of the following committees made recommendations with respect to Centre- State relations?

  1. Sarkaria Commission
  2. M M Punchhi Commission
  3. Rajamannar Committee

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 2 only .   (b)  2 and 3 only .        (c)  1 and 3 only       (d)  1, 2 and 3

    • Justice R. S. Sarkaria Commission was appointed in June 1983.
    • It stressed on cooperative federalism and noted that the federalism is more a functional arrangement for cooperative action than a static institutional concept.
    • At the same time, it did not equate strong centre with centralization of powers.
    • M M Punchhi Commission was set up by UPA Government in 2007 and it gave its recommendations in 2010.
    • Some of the important recommendations are as follows:
      • There should be a consultation process between union and states via Interstate Council for legislation on concurrent subjects.
      • Regarding state bills, the President’s pocket veto should end and there should be a reasonable time (6 months) in which president communicates his decision.
      • The treaty making powers of union should be regulated and states should get greater participation in treaties where interests of states are involved.
      • Governor should get clear guidelines for appointment of Chief Ministers so that he does not mis-uses his discretionary powers in this context. etc.Rajmannar committee was set up by DMK government in Tamil Nadu in 1969. Apart from making a call for immediate constitution of Inter-state Council, this committee made following recommendations:
      • Union government should not take any decision without consulting the inter-state council when such decision can affect the interests of one or more states.
      • Every bill which affects interests of the states should be first referred to inter-state council before it is introduced in parliament.
      • Article 356 should be used only in rare cases of complete breakdown of law and order in state. etc.
    • Ans-D

4.. With reference to the Municipal Corporation, consider the following statements:

  1. It is established for the administration of towns.
  2. It is established in the states by an act of the concerned state legislature.
  3. The Mayor is the chief executive authority of the corporation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 2 only

  • Municipal corporations are created for the administration of big cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata,Hyderabad, Bangalore and others.
  • They are established in the states by the acts of the concerned state legislatures, and in the union territories by the acts of the Parliament of India.
  • There may be one common act for all the municipal corporations in a state or a separate act for each municipal corporation. Hence, statement 1 is not correct and statement 2 is correct.
  • A municipal corporation has three authorities, namely, the council, the standing committees and the commissioner.
  • The Council is headed by a Mayor. He is assisted by a Deputy Mayor. He is elected in a majority of the states for a one-year renewable term. He is basically an ornamental figure and a formal head of the corporation. His main function is to preside over the meetings of the Council.
  • The Municipal Commissioner is responsible for the implementation of the decisions taken by the council and its standing committees. Thus, he is the chief executive authority of the corporation. He is appointed by the state government and is generally a member of the IAS. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.
  • Ans-D

5.. With reference to Inter-State River Water Disputes Act, consider the following statements:

  1. The Supreme Court or any other court does not have jurisdiction in respect of any water dispute referred to a tribunal.
  2. The Parliament has power to set up inter-state water dispute tribunals.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The Inter-State Water Disputes Act empowers the Central government (and not the Parliament) to set up an ad hoc tribunal for the adjudication of a dispute between two or more states in relation to the waters of an inter-state river or river valley.
  • The decision of the tribunal would be final and binding on the parties to the dispute.
  • Neither the Supreme Court nor any other court is to have jurisdiction  in respect of any water dispute which may be referred to such a tribunal under this Act.
  • So far, the Central government has set up eight inter-state water dispute tribunals. Hence, only statement 1 is correct.

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