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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-20

1.. With regard to the First Past the Post system of elections in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. In this system each constituency elects one representative.
  2. The winning candidate in this system must secure more than fifty percent votes.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

First Past the Post System of elections-
o The country is divided into small geographical units called constituencies. Every constituency elects one representative.
o The winning candidate need not secure a majority of the votes i.e. (50%+1) votes. In the electoral race, the candidate who is ahead of others, who crosses the winning post first of all, is the winner.
o This method is also called the Plurality System.
o It is followed in India & United Kingdom.
o Hence, statement 1 is correct and 2 is not correct.
  • Ans-A

2.. Consider the following statements:
1. The Rajya Sabha is a permanent body.
2. The Constitution has fixed the term of office of members of Rajya Sabha as 6 years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • The Rajya Sabha is a continuing chamber, that is, it is a permanent body and not subject to dissolution. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The Constitution has not fixed the term of office of members of the Rajya Sabha and left it to the Parliament. Accordingly, the Parliament in the Representation of the People Act (1951) provided that the term of office of a member of the Rajya Sabha shall be six years. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Ans-A

3.. Which of the following is/are correct with reference to the election of members and chairpersons of panchayats under the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1993?

  1. Members of panchayats at all levels are elected directly by the people.
  2. Chairpersons of panchayats at all levels are elected indirectly by and from amongst members of panchayats.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The 73rd Amendment act,1992 has added a new Part-IX to the Constitution of India. It is entitled as ‘The Panchayats’ and consists of provisions from Articles 243 to 243 O. In addition, the act has also added a new Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution. This schedule contains 29 functional items of the panchayats. It deals with Article 243-G.
  • Article 243 C provides that all the members of panchayats at the village, intermediate and district levels shall be elected directly by the people. Further, the chairperson of panchayats at the intermediate and district levels shall be elected indirectly—by and from amongst the elected members thereof. However, the chairperson of a panchayat at the village level shall be elected in such manner as the state legislature determines.
  • Hence, only statement 1 is correct.
  • Ans-A

4.. Which among the following provisions ensure impartial functioning of the Supreme Court of India?

  1. Separation of judiciary from executive
  2. Expenses not charged on Consolidated Fund of India.
  3. Power of Supreme Court to extend its jurisdiction

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 2 only(b)  2 and 3 only(c)  1 and 3 only(d)  1, 2 and 3

The Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of the Supreme Court:
o Separation from Executive:The Constitution directs the State to take steps to separate the Judiciary from the Executive in the public services. This means that the executive authorities should not possess the judicial powers. Consequently, upon its implementation, the role of executive authorities in judicial administration came to an end.
o Expenses Charged on Consolidated Fund: The salaries, allowances and pensions of the judges and the staff as well as all the administrative expenses of the Supreme Court are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. Thus, they are non-votable by the Parliament (though they can be discussed by it).
o Its jurisdiction cannot be Curtailed:The Parliament is not authorised to curtail the jurisdiction and powers of the Supreme Court. The Constitution has guaranteed to the Supreme Court, jurisdiction of various kinds. However, the Parliament can extend the same.
  • Ans-C

5.. Which of the following statements is/are correct with regard to Committee on Public Undertakings?
1. The members are elected every year from both the houses of the parliament.
2. The chairman of this Committee can be only from Lok sabha.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • Statement 1 is correct as the members are elected every year for a term of 1 year. Originally, it had 15 members (10 from the Lok Sabha and 5 from the Rajya Sabha). However, in 1974, its membership was raised to 22 (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). The elections are done through proportional representation using a single transferable vote.
  • Statement 2 is correct. The chairman of the committee is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its members who are drawn from the Lok Sabha only. A minister cannot be elected as a member of the committee.
  • Ans-C

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