2. Candidate who wins may not get the majority votes (50% + 1).
3. More than one representative may be elected from one constituency.
4. Every party gets a seat in legislature in proportion to the percentage of votes that it has got.
- The Delimitation Commission is appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.
- It is appointed for the purpose of drawing up the boundaries of constituencies all over the country.
- A quota of constituencies to be reserved in each State is fixed depending on the proportion of SC or ST in that State.
- After drawing the boundaries, the Delimitation Commission looks at the composition of population in each constituency.
- Those constituencies that have the highest proportion of Scheduled Tribe population are reserved for ST
- In the case of Scheduled Castes, the Delimitation Commission looks at two things.
- It picks constituencies that have higher proportion of Scheduled Caste population.
- But it also spreads these constituencies in different regions of the State.
- This is done because the Scheduled Caste population is generally spread evenly throughout the country.
- These reserved constituencies can be rotated each time the Delimitation exercise is undertaken.
3.. Consider the following statements regarding the citizenship in India.1. The constitution of India provides for single citizenship to all and no amendments regarding this can be made whatsoever.2. Amendments related to citizenship in India can be made only after consulting half of the states.3. In India no discrimination is allowed in matters related to awarding citizenship.Choose the correct answera) 1 and 2 only . b) 2 and 3 only c) 2 only d) None of the above
- The Indian Constitution is federal and envisages a dual polity (Centre and states), it provides for only a single citizenship, that is, the Indian citizenship.
4..Which of the following rights are enjoyed only by the citizens of India?
1. Right to vote in elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly.
2. Right to hold the office of president of India.
3. Right to contest for the membership of the Parliament and the State legislature. 4. Right to protection against arrest and detention.
Choose the correct code
a) 1 and 3 only b) 1,2 and 3 only c) 1,2 and 4 only d) 2,3 and 4 only
- Citizens are full members of the Indian State and owe allegiance to it.
- They enjoy all civil and political rights.
- Aliens, on the other hand, are the citizens of some other state and hence, do not enjoy all the civil and political rights.
- Aliens are of two categories— friendly aliens or enemy aliens .
- Friendly aliens are the subjects of those countries that have cordial relations with India.
- The Constitution confers the following rights and privileges on the citizens of India (and denies the same to aliens):
5. Right to vote in elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly.
5.. Which of the following are the grounds mentioned in the constitution for acquiring the Citizenship?
2. Citizenship by descent
3. Citizenship by naturalisation
4. Citizenship by acquisition of territory
- The Constitution deals with the citizenship from Articles 5 to 11 under Part II .
- However, it contains neither any permanent nor any elaborate provisions in this regard.
- It only identifies the persons who became citizens of India at its commencement (i.e., on January 26, 1950).
- It does not deal with the problem of acquisition or loss of citizenship subsequent to its commencement.
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