Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans -23

1.. After Independence, India adopted the first past the post system of elections. Which of the following statements are correct regarding FPTP system?
1. Voters vote for a candidate rather than a party.
2. Candidate who wins may not get the majority votes (50% + 1).
3. More than one representative may be elected from one constituency.
4. Every party gets a seat in legislature in proportion to the percentage of votes that it has got.
Select the code from following:
a)  1,2 and 3 .    b)  2,3 and 4             c)  1,3 and 4               d) 1 and 2
Image result for comparison between fptp and pr, ncert

2.. Which of the following bodies decide that which of the constituencies in India will be reserved constituencies?
a)  NITI aayog
b)  Election Commission
c)  Delimitation Commission
d) National Commission of SC and ST

Delimitation Commission

  • The Delimitation Commission is appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India.
  • It is appointed for the purpose of drawing up the boundaries of constituencies all over the country.
  • A quota of constituencies to be reserved in each State is fixed depending on the proportion of SC or ST in that State.
  • After drawing the boundaries, the Delimitation Commission looks at the composition of population in each constituency.
  • Those constituencies that have the highest proportion of Scheduled Tribe population are reserved for ST 
  • In the case of Scheduled Castes, the Delimitation Commission looks at two things.
  • It picks constituencies that have higher proportion of Scheduled Caste population.
  • But it also spreads these constituencies in different regions of the State.
  • This is done because the Scheduled Caste population is generally spread evenly throughout the country.
  • These reserved constituencies can be rotated each time the Delimitation exercise is undertaken.
  • Ans-C

    3.. Consider the following statements regarding the citizenship in India.
    1. The constitution of India provides for single citizenship to all and no amendments regarding this can be made whatsoever.
    2. Amendments related to citizenship in India can be made only after consulting half of the states.
    3. In India no discrimination is allowed in matters related to awarding citizenship.
    Choose the correct answer
    a)  1 and 2 only .  b)  2 and 3 only       c)  2 only        d) None of the above
  • The Indian Constitution is federal and envisages a dual polity (Centre and states), it provides for only a single citizenship, that is, the Indian citizenship.


4..Which of the following rights are enjoyed only by the citizens of India?

1. Right to vote in elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly.
2. Right to hold the office of president of India.
3. Right to contest for the membership of the Parliament and the State legislature. 4. Right to protection against arrest and detention.
Choose the correct code

a) 1 and 3 only         b) 1,2 and 3 only        c) 1,2 and 4 only           d) 2,3 and 4 only

  • Citizens are full members of the Indian State and owe allegiance to it.
  • They enjoy all civil and political rights.
  • Aliens, on the other hand, are the citizens of some other state and hence, do not enjoy all the civil and political rights.
  • Ans-B
  • Aliens are of two categories— friendly aliens or enemy aliens .
  • Friendly aliens are the subjects of those countries that have cordial relations with India.
  • The Constitution confers the following rights and privileges on the citizens of India (and denies the same to aliens):
1. Right against discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15).
2. Right to equality of opportunity in the matter of public employment (Article 16).
3. Right to freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association, movement, residence and profession (Article 19).
4. Cultural and educational rights (Articles 29 and 30).
5. Right to vote in elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly.

6. Right to contest for the membership of the Parliament and the state legislature.
7. Eligibility to hold certain public offices, that is, President of India, Vice-President of India, judges of the Supreme Court and the high courts, governor of states, attorney general of India and advocate general of states.

5.. Which of the following are the grounds mentioned in the constitution for acquiring the Citizenship?

1. Citizenship by birth
2. Citizenship by descent
3. Citizenship by naturalisation
4. Citizenship by acquisition of territory
Choose the correct code from below
a)  1,2 and 3 only        b)  1,2 and 4 only    c)  All of the above .  d) None of the above


  • The Constitution deals with the citizenship from Articles 5 to 11 under Part II .
  • However, it contains neither any permanent nor any elaborate provisions in this regard.
  • It only identifies the persons who became citizens of India at its commencement (i.e., on January 26, 1950).
  • It does not deal with the problem of acquisition or loss of citizenship subsequent to its commencement.
  • Ans-D

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