Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans -24

1.. During which of the following instances, a person loses his citizenship by termination?
a)  When he make a declaration renouncing his Indian citizenship to the central government.
b)  When he voluntarily acquires the citizenship of another country.
c)  When he has obtained the citizenship by fraud.
d)  When he has shown disloyalty to the Constitution of India.
The Citizenship Act, 1955 , prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether acquired under the Act or prior to it under the Constitution, namely, renunciation, termination and deprivation:
1. By Renunciation
  • Any citizen of India of full age and capacity can make a declaration renouncing his Indian citizenship.
  • Upon the registration of that declaration, that person ceases to be a citizen of India.
  • However, if such a declaration is made during a war in which India is engaged, its registration shall be withheld by the Central Government.
  • Further, when a person renounces his Indian citizenship, every minor child of that person also loses Indian citizenship.
  • However, when such a child attains the age of eighteen, he may resume Indian citizenship.
2. By Termination
  • When an Indian citizen voluntarily (consciously, knowingly and without duress, undue influence or compulsion) acquires the citizenship of another country, his Indian citizenship automatically terminates.
  • This provision, however, does not apply during a war in which India is engaged.
3. By Deprivation
It is a compulsory termination of Indian citizenship by the Central government, If
(a) the citizen has obtained the citizenship by fraud
(b) the citizen has shown disloyalty to the Constitution of India
(c) the citizen has unlawfully traded or communicated with the enemy during a war
(d) the citizen has, within five years after registration or naturalisation , been imprisoned in any country for two years and
(e) the citizen has been ordinarily resident out of India for seven years continuously.


2.. Suppose the parliament wants to create a new state by separating a territory from a particular state , then which of the following becomes compulsory provision in going ahead with the procedure?

1. A bill contemplating the formation of new state can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President.
2. President has to refer the bill for the creation of new state to the state legislature concerned for expressing its views within a specified period.
3. Parliament has to take the permission of the state concerned before framing a bill on the creation of new state.
Choose the correct code
a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) 1 and 2 only
d) 1 and 3 only
Article 3 of the constitution of India authorises the Parliament to:
1) Form a new state by separation of territory from any state or by uniting two or more states or parts of states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state.
2) Increase the area of any state,
3) Diminish the area of any state,
4) Alter the boundaries of any state,
5) Alter the name of any state.

Article 3 lays down two conditions in the above case

1) A bill contemplating the above changes can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President .
2) Before recommending the bill, the President has to refer the same to the state legislature concerned for expressing its views within a specified period.
  • Further, the power of Parliament to form new states includes the power to form a new state or union territory by uniting a part of any state or union territory to any other state or union territory.
    • The President (or Parliament) is not bound by the views of the state legislature and may either accept or reject them, even if the views are received in time.
    • Further, it is not necessary to make a fresh reference to the state legislature every time an amendment to the bill is moved and accepted in Parliament.
    • In case of a union territory, no reference need be made to the concerned legislature to ascertain its views and the Parliament can itself take any action as it deems fit.
    • It is thus clear that the Constitution authorises the Parliament to form new states or alter the areas, boundaries or names of the existing states without their consent.
    • In other words, the Parliament can redraw the political map of India according to its will .
    • Hence, the territorial integrity or continued existence of any state is not guaranteed by the Constitution .
    • Therefore, India is rightly described as ‘an indestructible union of destructible states’.
  • The Union government can destroy the states whereas the state governments cannot destroy the Union.

3..Who of the following is the Head of the Government in India?

a)  President
b)  Prime Minister
c)  Speaker of Lok Sabha
d) Chief Justice of India
  • The Prime Minister of India, as addressed in the Constitution of India, is the chief of the government, chief adviser to the president, head of the council of ministers and the leader of the majority party in the parliament.
  • The prime minister leads the executive of the Government of India.
  • Ans-B

The President is the head of the State

4.. In which of the following situations can a President use his power of discretion?

1. To declare a National Emergency in the Country
2. To send the advice of Council of Minister back for reconsideration
3. To Pocket Veto an ordinary bill passed by the Parliament
4. To appoint the Prime Minister when there are more than one leaders contending to get the support of majority
Select the code from below:
a) 1,2 and 3
b) 2,3 and 4
c) 1,3 and 4
d) All of the above
There are at least three situations where the President can exercise the powers using his or her own discretion.
> In the first place, we have already noted that the President can send back the advice given by the Council of Ministers and ask the Council to reconsider the decision.
  • In doing this, the President acts on his (or her) own discretion.
  • It is done when the President thinks that the advice has certain flaws or legal lacunae, or that it is not in the best interests of the country.
Secondly, the President also has veto power by which he can withhold or refuse to give assent to Bills (other than Money Bill) passed by the Parliament.
> The third kind of discretion arises more out of political circumstances.
  • Formally, the President appoints the Prime Minister.
  • Normally, in the parliamentary system, a leader who has the support of the majority in the Lok Sabha would be appointed as Prime Minister and the question of discretion would not arise.
  • But imagine a situation when after an election, no leader has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha.
  • Imagine further that after attempts to forge alliances, two or three leaders are claiming that they have the support of the majority in the house.
  • Now, the President has to decide whom to appoint as the Prime Minister.
  • In such a situation, the President has to use his own discretion in judging who really may have the support of the majority or who can actually form and run the government.


  • Note: To declare a National Emergency a written approval of the Cabinet is required.
  • Ans-B

 5..  Consider the following statements:

1. Prime Minister allocates the ranks and portfolios to the Ministers
2. A person can become a Minister even when he/she is not a Member of Parliament.
Which of the above statements are correct?

a)  1 only
b)  2 only
c)  Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • The Prime Minister then decides who will be the ministers in the Council of Ministers.
  • The Prime Minister allocates ranks and portfolios to the ministers.
  • Depending upon the seniority and political importance, the ministers are given the ranks of cabinet minister, minister of State or deputy minister.
  • In the same manner, Chief Ministers of the States choose ministers from their own party or coalition.
  • The Prime Minister and all the ministers have to be members of the Parliament.
  • If someone becomes a minister or Prime Minister without being an MP, such a person has to get elected to the Parliament within six months.
  • Ans-C