- Any citizen of India of full age and capacity can make a declaration renouncing his Indian citizenship.
- Upon the registration of that declaration, that person ceases to be a citizen of India.
- However, if such a declaration is made during a war in which India is engaged, its registration shall be withheld by the Central Government.
- Further, when a person renounces his Indian citizenship, every minor child of that person also loses Indian citizenship.
- However, when such a child attains the age of eighteen, he may resume Indian citizenship.
- When an Indian citizen voluntarily (consciously, knowingly and without duress, undue influence or compulsion) acquires the citizenship of another country, his Indian citizenship automatically terminates.
- This provision, however, does not apply during a war in which India is engaged.
2.. Suppose the parliament wants to create a new state by separating a territory from a particular state , then which of the following becomes compulsory provision in going ahead with the procedure?
b) 2 only
c) 1 and 2 only
Article 3 lays down two conditions in the above case
- Further, the power of Parliament to form new states includes the power to form a new state or union territory by uniting a part of any state or union territory to any other state or union territory.
- The President (or Parliament) is not bound by the views of the state legislature and may either accept or reject them, even if the views are received in time.
- Further, it is not necessary to make a fresh reference to the state legislature every time an amendment to the bill is moved and accepted in Parliament.
- In case of a union territory, no reference need be made to the concerned legislature to ascertain its views and the Parliament can itself take any action as it deems fit.
- It is thus clear that the Constitution authorises the Parliament to form new states or alter the areas, boundaries or names of the existing states without their consent.
- In other words, the Parliament can redraw the political map of India according to its will .
- Hence, the territorial integrity or continued existence of any state is not guaranteed by the Constitution .
- Therefore, India is rightly described as ‘an indestructible union of destructible states’.
- The Union government can destroy the states whereas the state governments cannot destroy the Union.
3..Who of the following is the Head of the Government in India?
- The Prime Minister of India, as addressed in the Constitution of India, is the chief of the government, chief adviser to the president, head of the council of ministers and the leader of the majority party in the parliament.
- The prime minister leads the executive of the Government of India.
The President is the head of the State
4.. In which of the following situations can a President use his power of discretion?
b) 2,3 and 4
c) 1,3 and 4
d) All of the above
- In doing this, the President acts on his (or her) own discretion.
- It is done when the President thinks that the advice has certain flaws or legal lacunae, or that it is not in the best interests of the country.
- Formally, the President appoints the Prime Minister.
- Normally, in the parliamentary system, a leader who has the support of the majority in the Lok Sabha would be appointed as Prime Minister and the question of discretion would not arise.
- But imagine a situation when after an election, no leader has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha.
- Imagine further that after attempts to forge alliances, two or three leaders are claiming that they have the support of the majority in the house.
- Now, the President has to decide whom to appoint as the Prime Minister.
- In such a situation, the President has to use his own discretion in judging who really may have the support of the majority or who can actually form and run the government.
- Note: To declare a National Emergency a written approval of the Cabinet is required.
5.. Consider the following statements:
2. A person can become a Minister even when he/she is not a Member of Parliament.
- The Prime Minister then decides who will be the ministers in the Council of Ministers.
- The Prime Minister allocates ranks and portfolios to the ministers.
- Depending upon the seniority and political importance, the ministers are given the ranks of cabinet minister, minister of State or deputy minister.
- In the same manner, Chief Ministers of the States choose ministers from their own party or coalition.
- The Prime Minister and all the ministers have to be members of the Parliament.
- If someone becomes a minister or Prime Minister without being an MP, such a person has to get elected to the Parliament within six months.
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