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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-26

1.. Which of the following functions are performed by the Legislature of India?
1. Financial Function
2. Constituent Function
3. Electoral Function
4. Judicial Function
Select the code from following:
a)  1 and 2 .       b)  2 and 3          c)  1,3 and 4                  d) All of the above
Functions of the Parliament:
Legislative Function: The Parliament enacts legislations for the country. Despite being the chief law making body, the Parliament often merely approves legislations.Control of Executive and ensuring its accountability: Perhaps the most vital function of the Parliament is to ensure that the executive does not overstep its authority and remains responsible to the people who have elected them.
Financial Function: legislature controls taxation and the way in which money is used by the government. If the Government of India proposes to introduce any new tax, it has to get the approval of the Lok Sabha. The financial powers of the Parliament involve grant of resources to the government to implement its programmes . The government has to give an account to the legislature about the money it has spent and resources that it wishes to raise. The legislature also ensures that the government does not misspend or overspend. This is done through the budget and annual financial statements.
Representation: Parliament represents the divergent views of members from different regional, social, economic, religious groups of different parts of the country.
Debating Function: The Parliament is the highest forum of debate in the country. There is no limitation on its power of discussion. Members are free to speak on any matter without fear.
Constituent Function: The Parliament has the power of discussing and enacting changes to the Constitution. The constituent powers of both the houses are similar. All constitutional amendments have to be approved by a special majority of both Houses.
Electoral functions: The Parliament also performs some electoral functions. It elects the President and Vice President of India.
Judicial functions: The judicial functions of the Parliament include considering the proposals for removal of President, Vice-President and Judges of High Courts and Supreme Court.
  • Ans-D

2..The term Federalism refers to

a)  Presence of two houses of Parliament
b)  Presence of a Parliamentary form of a government
c)  Presence of dual polity in a country at the central and state level
d) Presence of single citizenship in a country
  • Essentially, federalism is an institutional mechanism to accommodate two sets of polities — one at the regional level and the other at the national level. Each government is autonomous in its own sphere. 
  • In some federal countries, there is even a system of dual citizenship. India has only a single citizenship.
  • Ans-c

3.. In the Constitution, it is defined “India, that is, Bharath as a union of states”. What does this connote?
1. It talks about the name of the country as well as type of the Indian polity.
2. It reaffirms the idea of indestructible nature of Indian federation.
Choose the correct code
a)  1 only
b)  2 only
c)  Both 1 and 2
d) None of the above
  • Article 1 of the Indian constitution describes India, that is, Bharat as a ‘Union of States’ rather than a ‘Federation of States.
  • This provision deals with two things: one, name of the country , and two, type of polity .
  • Secondly, the country is described as ‘Union’ although its Constitution is federal instructure.
  • According to Dr B R Ambedkar, the phrase ‘Union of States’ has been preferred to ‘Federation of States’ for two reasons: one, the Indian Federation is not the result of an agreement among the states like the American Federation and two, the states have no right to secede from the federation.
  • The federation is a union because it is indestructible.
  • The country is an integral whole and divided into different states only for the convenience of administration.

4..Which of the following comprise the territory of India?

1. Territories of the states
2. Union territories with legislative assembly only
3. Territories that may be acquired by government of India at any time
Choose the correct code
a)  1 and 2 only        b)  1 and 3 only           c)  2 and 3 only             d) All of the above
According to Article 1, the territory of India can be classified into three categories: 1. Territories of the states
2. Union territories
3. Territories that may be acquired by the Government of India at any time.
  • The names of states and union territories and their territorial extent are mentioned in the first schedule of the Constitution.
  • At present, there are 29 states and 7 union territories .
  • The provisions of the Constitution pertaining to the states are applicable to all the states (except Jammu and Kashmir) in the same manner.
  • Ans-b

5..Consider the following statements regarding the relationship of states and union territories with the centre.
1. The names and territorial extent of states are mentioned in the constitution whereas the same is not true with the union territories.
2. The states are the members of federal system whereas union territories are not.
3. The states share distribution of power with the centre but union territories are directly administered by the centre.
Choose the correct code
a)  1 and 2 only .      b)  2 and 3 only          c)  1 and 3 only            d) All of the above
  • The names of states and union territories and their territorial extent are mentioned in the first schedule of the Constitution.
  • At present, there are 29 states and 7 union territories.
  • The provisions of the Constitution pertaining to the states are applicable to all the states (except Jammu and Kashmir) in the same manner.
  • The states are the members of the federal system and share a distribution of powers with the Centre .
  • The union territories and the acquired territories, on the other hand, are dir ectly administered by the Central government.
  • Ans-B

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