- A cantonment board is established for municipal administration for civilian population in the cantonment area.
- It is set up under the provisions of the Cantonments Act of 2006—a legislation enacted by the Central government.
- It works under the administrative control of the Defence Ministry of the Central government.
- Thus, a cantonment board is created as well as administered by the Central government.
- A cantonment board consists of partly elected and partly nominated members.
- The elected members hold office for a term of five years while the nominated members (i.e., ex-officio members) continue so long as they hold the office in that station.
- The military officer commanding the station is the ex-officio president of the board and presides over its meetings.
- The Vice-President of the board is elected by the elected members from amongst themselves for a term of five years.
2. If the President wants to seek legal opinion on a matter of public importance from the Supreme Court, then:
- The Constitution (Article 143) authorises the President to seek the opinion of the Supreme Court in the two categories of matters:
(a) On any question of law or fact of public importance which has arisen or which is likely to arise. In this case the Supreme Court may tender or may refuse to tender its opinion to the President.
(b) On any dispute arising out of any pre-constitution treaty, agreement, covenant, engagement,sanad or other similar instruments.In this case, the Supreme Court ‘must’ tender its opinion to the President.
- However, in both the cases, the opinion expressed by the Supreme Court is only advisory and not a judicial pronouncement.
- Hence, it is not binding on the President; he may follow or may not follow the opinion.
- However, it facilitates the government to have an authoritative legal opinion on a matter to be decided by it.
3. Which of the following Parliamentary committees are chaired by the Speaker?
- Public Accounts Committee
- Business advisory Committee
- Ethics Committee
- Rules Committee
- General Purpose Committee
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2, 4 and 5 only
(c) 1, 4 and 5 only
(d) 2 and 3 only
- The Speaker appoints the chairman of all the parliamentary committees of the Lok Sabha and supervises their functioning.
- He himself is the chairman of the Business Advisory Committee, the Rules Committee and the General Purpose Committee. Hence, the answer is (b)
- Public Accounts Committee: The function of the committee is to examine the annual audit reports of the comptroller and auditor general of India (CAG), which are laid before the Parliament by the president. The CAG submits three audit reports to the president, namely, audit report on appropriation accounts,
audit report on finance accounts and audit report on public undertakings. At present, it consists of 22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha). The members are elected by the Parliament every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. Conventionally, chairman of the committee is selected from the opposition and appointed by the Speaker.
- Business Advisory Committee: It regulates the programme and time table of the House. It allocates time for the transaction of legislative and other business brought before the House by the government. The Lok Sabha committee consists of 15 members including the Speaker as its chairman. In the Rajya Sabha, it has 11 members including the Chairman as its ex-oficio chairman.
- Ethics Committee: It was constituted in Rajya Sabha in 1997 and in Lok Sabha in 2000. It enforces the code of conduct of members of Parliament. It examines the cases of misconduct and recommends appropriate action. Thus, it is engaged in maintaining discipline and decorum in Parliament.
- Rules Committee: It considers the matters of procedure and conduct of business in the House and recommends necessary amendments, or additions to the Rules of the House. The Lok Sabha committee consists of 15 members including the Speaker as its ex-officio chairman. In Rajya Sabha, it consists of 16 members including the Chairman as its ex-oficio chairman.
- General Purposes Committee: It considers and advises on matters concerning affairs of the House, which do not fall within the jurisdiction of any other parliamentary committee. In each House, the committee consists of the presiding officer (Speaker/Chairman) as its ex-oficio chairman, Deputy Speaker (Deputy Chairman in the case of Rajya Sabha), members of panel of chairpersons (panel of vice-chairpersons in the case of Rajya Sabha), chairpersons of all the departmental standing committees of the House, leaders of recognised parties and groups in the House and such other members as nominated by the presiding officer.
4. In which of the following cases a member incurs disqualification under the Tenth Schedule?
- If he votes contrary to the directiongiven by his political party.
- If any nominated member joins anypolitical party before the expiry of sixmonths.
- If he is expelled from the politicalparty to which he belonged immediatelybefore the election.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
- (a) 1 only
- (b) 1 and 2 only
- (c) 3 only
- (d) 1, 2 and 3
- The Constitution lays down that a person shall be disqualified from being a member of Parliament if he isso disqualified on the ground of defection under the provisions of the Tenth Schedule.
- A member incurs disqualification under the defection law:
- if he voluntary gives up the membership of the political party to which he belonged immediatelybefore the electionUpon expulsion from a political party, there is no automatic disqualification under the 10th Schedule of the Constitution from legislative assembly or Parliament and that member will continue as an unattached member as per the direction of the Speaker. Hence, statement 3 is not correct. Hence, the answer is (a).
- if any nominated member joins any political party after the expiry of six months.
- if any independently elected member joins any political party
- if he votes or abstains from voting in the House contrary to any direction given by his political party.
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