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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-7

1.  Consider the following statements:

  1. The representatives of states in the Rajya Sabha are elected only by the elected members of state legislative assemblies.
  2. The representatives of each union territory in the Rajya Sabha are nomiated by the Lieutenant governor.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The representatives of states in the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of state legislative assemblies. The election is held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • The representatives of each union territory in the Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by members of an electroral college specially constituted for the purpose. This election is also held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Out of the seven union territories, only two (Delhi and Puducherry) have representation in Rajya Sabha.
  • Ans-A

2. Consider the following statements:

  1. Autonomous bodies are established by the Government to discharge the activities which are related to governmental functions.
  2. Attached offices are responsible for providing executive direction required in the implementation of the policies laid down by the department to which they are attached.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only .     (b) 2 only         (c) Both 1 and 2         (d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Autonomous Bodies : Such bodies which are established by the Government to discharge the activities which are related to governmental functions. Although such bodies are given autonomy to discharge their functions in accordance with the Memorandum of Associations etc., but the Government’s control exists since these are funded by the Government of India. For example, Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Attached offices are generally responsible for providing executive direction required in the implementation of the policies laid down by the department to which they are attached. They also serve as repository of technical information and advise the department on technical aspects of question dealt with by them. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Ans-C

3. Consider the following statements:

  1. The laws made by the Parliament are applicable to Indian citizens and their property in any part of the world.
  2. The laws made by the State legislature are not applicable outside the state under any circumstances.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The Constitution defines the territorial limits of the legislative powers vested in the Centre and the states in the following way:

(i)  The Parliament can make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India. The territory of India includes the states, the union territories, and any other area for the time being included in the territory of India.

(ii)  A state legislature can make laws for the whole or any part of the state. The laws made by a state legislature are not applicable outside the state, except when there is a sufficient nexus between the state and the object. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
(iii)  The Parliament alone can make ‘extra-territorial legislation’. Thus, the laws of the Parliament are also applicable to the Indian citizens and their property in any part of the world. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Ans-A

4. The provisions in Fifth Schedule and Sixth Schedule in the Constitution of India are made in order to
(a)  protect the interests of Scheduled Tribes
(b)  determine the boundaries between States
(c)  determine the powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats
(d)  protect the interests of all the border States
  • Fifth Schedule: Administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes (areas and tribes need special protection due to disadvantageous conditions).
  • Sixth Schedule: Provisions for the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram.

  • Ans-A

5. On premature dissolution of panchayat after 2 years of its constitution:

(a)  It will be reconstituted to serve a full term of 5 years

(b)  No fresh elections shall take place for remainder of the term
(c)  It will be reconstituted to serve remainder of the period
(d)  State legislative assembly shall decide the course of action
  • 73rd Constitutional Amendment provides for a five-year term of office to the panchayat at every level.
  • However, it can be dissolved before the completion of its term.
  • Further, fresh elections to constitute a Panchayat shall be completed (a) before the expiry of its duration of five years; OR (b) in case of dissolution, before the expiry of a period of six months from the date of its dissolution.
  • But, where the remainder of the period (for which the dissolved Panchayat would have continued) is less than six months, it shall not be necessary to hold any election for constituting the new panchayat for such period.
  • Moreover, a Panchayat constituted upon the dissolution of a Panchayat before the expiration of its duration shall continue only for the remainder of the period for which the dissolved Panchayat would have continued had it not been so dissolved.
  • In other words, a panchayat reconstituted after premature dissolution does not enjoy the full period of five years but remains in office only for the remainder of the period.

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