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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-9

1. With reference to the ‘Zero hour’ in the Indian Parliament, consider the following statements:

  1. It is an informal device available to the members of the Parliament to raise matters without any prior notice.
  2. It is a feature borrowed from the British Constitution.
  3. It is elaborated in the rules of procedure of the Houses of Parliament.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 1 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

  • The first hour of every Parliamentary sitting is the ‘question hour‘.
  • During this time, the members ask questions and the ministers usually give answers.
  • The zero hour starts immediately after the question hour and lasts until the agenda for the day (ie, regular business of the House) is taken up.
  • In other words, the time gap between the question hour and the agenda is known as zero hour.
  • Unlike the question hour, the zero hour is not mentioned in the Rules of Procedure.
  • Thus it is an informal device available to the members of the Parliament to raise matters without any prior notice.
  • Hence, statements 1 is correct and 3 is not correct.
  • It is an Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary procedures and has been in existence since 1962. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Ans-C

2.. With reference to Delimitation Act, 2002, consider the following statements:
1. The total number of seats allotted to each state in Lok Sabha is based on the population data of 1971 census.

2. The number of reserved seats for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes is fixed on the basis of the census data of 2001.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The Delimitation Act, 2002 was enacted to set up a Delimitation Commission for the purpose of effecting delimitation on the basis of the 2001 census so as to correct the distortion in the sizes of electoral constituencies.
  • The Delimitation Comission has re-fixed the number of seats for the Scheduled tribes and Scheduled Castes on the basis of 2001 census without affecting the total number of seats based on the 1971 census.
  • The constitutional and legal provisions regarding allocation of seats are as follows:

(i) The total number of existing seats as allocated to various States in the House of the People on the basis of 1971 census shall remain unaltered till the first census to be taken after the year 2026

(ii)  The total number of existing seats in the Legislative Assemblies of all States as fixed on the basis of 1971 census shall also remain unaltered till the first census to be taken after the year 2026

(iii)  The number of seats to be reserved for the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) in the House of the People and State Legislative Assemblies has re-worked out on the basis of 2001 census

  • Ans- C

3..Which of the following features are visible in the Indian political party system?
1. Multi Party System
2. Parties are organized around eminent leaders.
3. Emergence of regional parties.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a)  1 and 2 only .   (b)  2 and 3 only         (c)  1 and 3 only        (d)  1, 2 and 3
  • Multi-Party System: The continental size of the country, the diversified character of Indian society, the adoption of universal adult franchise, the peculiar type of political process, and other factors have given rise to a large number of political parties.
  • India has very diverse multi party political system.
  • As on April 13, 2018 there are three types of political parties in India i.e. seven national parties, over 50 state recognized parties and 2044 registered unrecognised parties.
  • Parties are organized around eminent leaders: Quite often, the parties are organised around an eminent leader who becomes more important than the party and its ideology.
  • Parties are known by their leaders rather than by their manifesto.
  • For example the AIADMK.
    • Emergence of Regional Parties. Several regional parties like the AIADMK, DMK, SAD etc. have emerged that play an important role in electoral politics.
    • Hence, all statements are correct.
    • ANS- D

4. Under which of the following circumstances can Parliament enact laws on subjects enumerated in the State List?

(a)  When Lok Sabha passes a resolution to that effect.

(b)  When a state makes such a request to Parliament.
(c)  When President’s Rule is in operation in a state.
(d)  When a proclamation of financial emergency is in operation.
  • The primary function of Parliament is to make laws for the governance of the country.
  • It has exclusive power to make laws on the subjects enumerated in the Union List and on the residuary subjects (that is, subjects not enumerated in any of the three lists).
  • With regard to the Concurrent List, the Parliament has overriding powers, that is, the law of Parliament prevails over the law of the state legislature in case of a conflict between the two.

The Constitution also empowers the Parliament to make laws on the subjects enumerated in the State List under the following five abnormal circumstances:
(a) when Rajya Sabha passes a resolution to that effect.

(b) when a proclamation of National Emergency is in operation.
(c) when two or more states make a joint request to the Parliament.
(d) when necessary to give effect to international agreements, treaties and conventions.
(e) when President’s Rule is in operation in the state.
  • ANS- C

5..Which among the following is not correct in the context of Judicial Activism?(a)  It has forced executive accountability.
(b)  It has overburdened the courts.
(c)  It has strengthened the principle of separation of power among the three organs of state.
(d)  It has made the judicial system accessible to disadvantageous groups in society.

 

  • Judicial activism has had mani-fold impact on the political system.

Advantages
(a) It has democratised the judicial system by giving not just to individuals but also groups access to the courts.
(b) It has forced executive accountability.
(c) It has also made an attempt to make the electoral system much more free and fair.

Disadvantages
(a) It has overburdened the courts because of too many PILs being filed.
(b) It has blurred the line of distinction between the executive and legislature on the one hand and the judiciary on the other. The court has been involved in resolving questions which belong to the executive. Some people feel that judicial activism has made the balance among the three organs of government very delicate. Democratic government is based on each organ of government respecting the powers and jurisdiction of the others. Judicial activism may be creating strains on this democratic principle.

• Hence, option (c) is not correct.

  • ANS- C

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