Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-29

1.. Which among the following identities of a person are expressed by a Constitution?

  1. Political Identity
  2. Moral Identity

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • A constitution expresses the fundamental identity of a people.
  • This means the people as a collective entity come into being only through the basic constitution.
  • It is by agreeing to a basic set of norms about how one should be governed, and who should be governed that one forms a collective identity.
  • One has many sets of identities that exist prior to a constitution.
  • But by agreeing to certain basic norms and principles one constitutes one‘s basic political identity.
  • Second, constitutional norms are the overarching framework within which one pursues individual aspirations, goals and freedoms.
  • The constitution sets authoritative constraints upon what one may or may not do. It defines the fundamental values that we may not trespass.
  • So the constitution also gives one a moral identity.
  • Third and finally, it may be the case that many basic political and moral values are now shared across different constitutional traditions.
  • Ans-C

2.. Which of the following statements are correct regarding functions of a Constitution?

  1. It provides a set of basic rules that allow for minimal coordination amongst members of a society.
  2. It enables the government to create conditions for a just society.
  3. It specifies who has the power to make decisions in a society.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  1 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3

The functions of a constitution include

  • to provide a set of basic rules that allow for minimal coordination amongst members of a society. Hence, satement 1 is correct.
  • to specify who has the power to make decisions in a society. It decides how the government will be constituted. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
  • to set some limits on what a government can impose on its citizens. These limits are fundamental in the sense that government may never trespass them.
  • to enable the government to fulfil the aspirations of a society and create conditions for a just society. Hence, statement 2 is correct
  • Ans-D

3.. Which of the following is/are envisaged by the Cultural and Educational Rights in the Constitution of India?

  1. Right of any section of citizens to conserve their distinct language or culture.
  2. Right of a person to profess, practice and propagate the religion he or she believes in.
  3. Right of all minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 only
(b)  1 and 3 only
(c)  2 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
The Constitution specifies the cultural and educational rights of the minorities:
  •  Any section of citizens with a distinct language or culture have a right to conserve it. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Admission to any educational institution maintained by government or receiving government aid cannot be denied to any citizen on the ground of religion or language.
  • All minorities have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
  • Right to profess, practice and propagate one’s religion is a right envisaged under the right to freedom of religion. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Ans-B

4.. With regard to the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG), consider the following statements:
1. The reports of the CAG are examined by the Estimates Committee of Lok Sabha.
2. He has no control over the issue of money from Consolidated Fund of India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • Statement 1 is not correct: The CAG submits three audit reports to the President—audit report on appropriation accounts, audit report on finance accounts, and audit report on public undertakings.
  • The President lays these reports before both the Houses of Parliament. After this, the Public Accounts Committee examines them and reports its findings to the Parliament.
  • He acts as a guide, friend and philosopher of the Public Accounts Committee of the Parliament.
  • Statement 2 is correct: CAG has no control over the issue of money from the consolidated fund and many departments are authorised to draw money by issuing cheques without specific authority from the CAG, who is concerned only at the audit stage when the expenditure has already taken place.
  • Ans-B

5.. Consider the following statements regarding Fundamental Rights:
1. They are meant for promoting the idea of political democracy.
2. They are absolute without any restrictions.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • The Fundamental Rights are meant for promoting the idea of political democracy. They operate as limitations on the tyranny of the executive and arbitrary laws of the legislature.
  • However, the Fundamental Rights are not absolute and subject to reasonable restrictions. Further, they are not sacrosanct and can be curtailed or repealed by the Parliament through a constitutional amendment act. They can also be suspended during the operation of a National Emergency except the rights guaranteed by Articles 20 and 21.
  • Ans-A

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