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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-30

1.. With reference to the citizenship in India, consider the following statements:

  1. Both a citizen by birth as well as a naturalized citizen are eligible to contest for the membership of the Parliament and the state legislature.
  2. Only a citizen by birth and not a naturalized citizen is eligible for the office of the President of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • All Indian citizen have the right to contest for the membership of the Parliament and the state legislature. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • In India both a citizen by birth as well as a naturalised citizen are eligible for the office of President while in USA, only a citizen by birth and not a naturalised citizen is eligible for the office of President. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • Ans-A

2.. Which of the following are not Fundamental Duties under Part IV-A of the Constitution?

  1. To safeguard public property.
  2. To renounce practices derogatory to dignity of women.
  3. To create opportunities for healthy development of children.
  4. Promotion of international peace and security.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  1, 2, 3 and 4
(c)  3 and 4 only

(d)  1, 2 and 3 only

LIST OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES
According to Article 51 A, it shall be the duty of every citizen of India:

  • to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
  • to cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom;
  • to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
  • to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
  • to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
  • to value and preserve the rich heritage of the country‘s composite culture;
  • to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;
  • to develop scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
  • to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
  • to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement; and
  • to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.
  • Ans-C

3…With regard to the doctrine of judicial review in the Indian Constitution, consider the following statements:

  1. It was borrowed from the Constitution of the United States of America.
  2. It finds expression under Article 13.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The doctrine of judicial review was borrowed from the Constitution of the United States of America
  • Article 13 declares that all laws that are inconsistent with or in derogation of any of the fundamental rights shall be void. In other words, it expressively provides for the doctrine of judicial review. This power has been conferred on the Supreme Court (Article 32) and the high courts (Article 226) that can declare a law unconstitutional and invalid on the ground of contravention of any of the Fundamental Rights.
  • Ans-C

4..Consider the following statements regarding reorganisation of the states:

  1. An Indian territory can be ceded to a foreign country by an executive action.
  2. A boundary dispute settlement between India and another country does not require constitutional amendment.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The Supreme Court held that the power of Parliament to diminish the area of a state (under Article 3) does not cover cession of Indian territory to a foreign country. Hence, Indian territory can be ceded to a foreign state only by amending the Constitution under Article 368. Consequently, the 9th Constitutional Amendment Act (1960) was enacted to transfer the said territory to Pakistan.
  • On the other hand, the Supreme Court in 1969 ruled that, settlement of a boundary dispute between India and another country does not require a constitutional amendment. It can be done by executive action as it does not involve cession of Indian territory to a foreign country.
  • Ans-B

5..Which of the following changes was/were made to the Constitution by 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002?

  1. Compulsory education for children between the ages of 6-14 years.
  2. Placed obligation on the State for providing education to children below 6 years of age.
  3. Conferred duty upon parent to provide for the education of his child.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

(a) 1, 2 and 3
(b) 1 and 3 only
(c )1 only
(d) 3 only
  • 86th constitutional amendment act added the following:
  • Article 51-A(k): To provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.
  • Article 45: To provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years.
  • Article 21-A: Article 21 A declares that the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such a manner as the State may determine.
  • Ans-A

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