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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-31

1.. Which of the following Fundamental Rights under Indian Constitution are available only to citizens and denied to foreigners?

  1. Right to freedom of speech and expression.
  2. Equality before law and equal protection of law.
  3. Right to elementary education.
  4. Right against discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 3 only
(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  1 and 4 only

(d)  1, 2, 3 and 4

The Constitution confers the following rights and privileges on the citizens of India (and denies the same to aliens):

  • Right against discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15).
  • Right to equality of opportunity in the matter of public employment (Article 16).
  • Right to freedom of speech and expression, assembly, association, movement, residence and profession (Article 19).
  • Cultural and educational rights (Articles 29 and 30).
  • Right to vote in elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly.
  • Right to contest for the membership of the Parliament and the state legislature.
  • Eligibility to hold certain public offices, that is, President of India, Vice-President of India, judges of the Supreme Court and the high courts, governor of states, attorney general of India and advocate general of states.
  • Equality before law and equal protection of law, and Right to elementary education are rights available to both citizens and foreigners (except enemy aliens).
  • Ans-C

2.. Consider the following statements regarding State Human Rights Commission (SHRC):

  1. It can inquire into violation of human rights only in respect of subjects mentioned in the State List and Concurrent List.
  2. It cannot inquire into cases suo-motu.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • A State Human Rights Commission can inquire into violation of human rights only in respect of subjects mentioned in the State List (List-II) and the Concurrent List (List-III) of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution.
  • The Commission can inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, either suo motu or on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court.
  • Ans-A

3..Which of the following was considered as ‘heart and soul of the constitution’ by Dr. B.R Ambedkar?

(a) Right to life
(b) Right to equality
(c) Right to freedom of religion
(d) Right to constitutional remedies
  • Dr. Ambedkar considered the right to constitutional remedies as “heart and soul of the constitution”.
  • It is so because this right gives a citizen the right to approach a High Court or the Supreme Court to get any of the fundamental rights restored in case of their violation.
  • The Supreme Court and the High Courts can issue orders and give directives to the government for the enforcement of rights.
  • Ans-D

4.. With reference to a Constitution Amendment Bill, consider the following statements:

  1. The bill must be passed in each House by a majority of two-thirds of the member of the House present and voting.
  2. A deadlock due to disagreement between the two Houses on such bill must be resolved by a joint sitting of the two Houses.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • The bill must be passed in each House by a special majority, that is, a majority (that is, more than 50 per cent) of the total membership of the House and a majority of two-thirds of the members of the House present and voting. 
  • Each House must pass the bill separately. In case of a disagreement between the two Houses, there is no provision for holding a joint sitting of the two Houses for the purpose of deliberation and passage of the bill. 
  • Ans-A

5..Which among the following directives lie outside part IV of the Constitution?

  1. Claims of SCs and STs to Services
  2. Instruction in mother tongue
  3. Development of the Hindi Language

Select the correct answer using the code given below-

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c)1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Apart from the Directives included in Part IV, there are some other Directives ( which are also non-justiciable in nature) contained in other Parts of the Constitution. They are:
  • Claims of SCs and STs to Services: The claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration, consistently with the maintenance of efficiency of administration, in the making of appointments to services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or a State (Article 335 in Part XVI).
  • Instruction in mother tongue: It shall be the endeavour of every state and every local authority within the state to provide adequate facilities for instruction in the mother-tongue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups (Article 350-A in Part XVII).
  • Development of the Hindi Language: It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language and to develop it so that it may serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India (Article 351 in Part XVII).
  • Ans-D

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