Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-34

1.. Which among the following is the fundamental objective of Directive Principle of State Policy?
(a) Equality of status and opportunity
(b) Political Justice
(c) Social and Economic Democracy

(d) Liberty of Faith

  • DPSPs are supplementary to the fundamental rights of the citizens.
  • They are intended to fill in the vacuum in Part III by providing for social and economic rights.
  • Their implementation creates a favourable atmosphere for the full and proper enjoyment of the fundamental rights by the citizens.
  • Political democracy, without economic democracy, has no meaning.
  • Thus, DPSP ensure both social and economic democracy.
  • Ans-C

2.. With reference to Indian Citizenship consider the following statements:

  1. An illegal migrant can acquire the Citizenship of India by naturalization if he is ordinarily resident in India for 12 years.
  2. Government of India may terminate the citizenship of a person acquired by Naturalization or Registration if he/she is imprisoned in any country for two years.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  •  An illegal migrant cannot acquire the Citizenship of India.
  • The Citizenship Act, 1955, prescribes three ways of losing citizenship viz. renunciation, termination and deprivation.
  • If a citizen has, within five years after registration or naturalisation, been imprisoned in any country for two years, his citizenship is compulsorily terminated by the Central Government.
  • Ans-B

3.. Every resolution approving the proclamation of President’s rule or its continuation can be passed only:
(a)  by a simple majority by both the Houses of Parliament
(b)  by a special majority by both the Houses of Parliament
(c)  by a simple majority of Lok Sabha

(d)  by a special majority of Lok Sabha

  • Every resolution approving the proclamation of President‘s Rule or its continuation shall be passed by both the Houses of Parliament only by a simple majority (a majority of the members of that House present and voting).
  • The resolution approving the proclamation of National emergency or its continuance must be passed by both the houses of parliament by a special majority (A majority of total membership of that house and a majority of not less than two-third of the members present and voting).
  • Ans-A

4.. Which among the following is not a feature of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)?

(a)  It is the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.
(b)  They help the courts in examining and determining the constitutional validity of a law.
(c)  They operate as limitations on the tyranny of the executive and arbitrary laws of the legislature.

(d)  All (a), (b) and (c) are features of DPSP.

  • The Directive Principles are non-justiciable in nature, that is, they are not legally enforceable by the courts for their violation.
  • Therefore, the government (Central, state and local) cannot be compelled to implement them.
  • Nevertheless, the Constitution (Article 37) itself says that these principles are fundamental in the governance of the country and it shall be the duty of the State to apply these principles in making laws.
  • The Directive Principles, though non-justiciable in nature,help the courts in examining and determining the constitutional validity of a law.
  • The Supreme Court has ruled many a times that in determining the constitutionality of any law, if a court finds that the law in question seeks to give effect to a Directive Principle, it may consider such law to be reasonable‘ in relation to Article 14 (equality before law) or Article 19 (six freedoms) and thus save such law from unconstitutionality.
  • The Fundamental Rights are meant for promoting the ideal of political democracy.
  • They prevent the establishment of an authoritarian and despotic rule in the country, and protect the liberties and freedoms of the people against the invasion by the State.
  • They operate as limitations on the tyranny of the executive and arbitrary laws of the legislature.
  • Ans-C

5..With respect to the State Public Service Commission (SPSC), consider the following statements:

  1. The Governor can remove its chairman on grounds of proved misbehavior.
  2. The chairman of SPSC on ceasing to hold office is not eligible for any further employment.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

  • Although the chairman and members of a SPSC are appointed by the Governor, they can be removed only by the president (and not by the governor).
  • The President can remove them on the same grounds and in the same manner as he can remove a chairman or a member of the UPSC.
  • Thus, he can remove him under the following circumstances:
  If he is adjudged an insolvent (i.e., has gone bankrupt); or
  If he engages, during his term of office, in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
  If he is, in the opinion of the President, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.
  • In addition to these, the President can also remove the chairman or any other member of SPSC for misbehaviour.
  • However, in this case, the president has to refer the matter to the Supreme Court for an enquiry.
  • If the Supreme Court, after the enquiry, upholds the cause of removal and advises so, the president can remove the chairman or a member.
  • The chairman of a SPSC (on ceasing to hold office) is eligible for appointment as the chairman or a member of the UPSC or as the chairman of any other SPSC, but not for any other employment under the Government of India or a state.
  • Ans-D

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!
%d bloggers like this: