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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-36

1.. Which of the following is/are feature(s) of a democracy?

  1. It results in swift decision making.
  2. It improves the quality of decision-making.
  3. It is based on the principle of political equality.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  3 only
(c)  2 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
  • Democracy is based on consultation and discussion.
  • A democratic decision always involves many persons, discussions and meetings.
  • When a number of people put their heads together, they are able to point out possible mistakes in any decision.
  • This takes time.
  • But there is a big advantage in taking time over important decisions.
  • This reduces the chances of rash or irresponsible decisions.
  • Thus democracy improves the quality of decision-making.
  • Democracy is based on the principle of political equality, on recognising that the poorest and the least educated has the same status as the rich and the educated.
  • Ans-C

2..With reference to State Information Commission (SIC), consider the following statements:

  1. Right to Information Act of 2005 provides for the creation of SIC at state level.
  2. The members of SIC are removed by the President.
  3. The Commission submits its annual report to the State Government.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  1 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
  • The Right to Information Act of 2005 provides for the creation of not only the Central Information Commission but also a State Information Commission at the state level.
  • The Governor can remove the State Chief Information Commissioner or any State Information Commissioner from the office under the following circumstance
    A. if he is adjudged an insolvent; or
    B. if he has been convicted of an offence which (in the opinion of the Governor) involves a moral turpitude; or
    C. if he engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
    D. if he is (in the opinion of the Governor) unfit to continue in office due to infirmity of mind or body; or
    E. if he has acquired such financial or other interest as is likely to affect prejudicially his official functions.

  • In addition to these, the Governor can also remove the State Chief Information Commissioner or any State Information Commissioner on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.
  • However, in these cases, the Governor has to refer the matter to the Supreme Court for an enquiry.
  • If the Supreme Court, after the enquiry, upholds the cause of removal and advises so, then the Governor can remove him.
  • The Commission submits an annual report to the State Government on the implementation of the provisions of the Act.
  • The State Government places this report before the State Legislature.
  • Ans-C

3..Which of the following are included under the basic structure of the Constitution?

  1. Parliamentary System
  2. Judicial Review
  3. Emergency Provisions

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

 
a.1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2 and 3
From the various judgements, the following have emerged as basic features‘ of the Constitution or elements/components/ingredients of the basic structure‘ of the constitution:
  Supremacy of the Constitution
  Sovereign, democratic and republican nature of the Indian polity
  Secular character of the Constitution
  Separation of powers between the legislature, the executive and the judiciary
  Federal character of the Constitution
  Unity and integrity of the nation
  Welfare state (socio-economic justice)
  Judicial review
  Freedom and dignity of the individual
  Parliamentary system
  Rule of law
  Harmony and balance between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
  Principle of equality
  Free and fair elections
  Independence of Judiciary
  Limited power of Parliament to amend the Constitution
  Effective access to justice
  Principle of reasonableness
  Powers of the Supreme Court under Articles 32, 136, 141 and 142
Ans-A

4..Which of the following statements is/are correct with regard to acquisition of Citizenship in India?

  1. The children of foreign diplomats posted in India can acquire Indian citizenship by birth.
  2. A person applying for citizenship by Naturalisation should have an adequate knowledge of a language specified in the Eighth Schedule.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • The children of foreign diplomats posted in India and enemy aliens cannot acquire Indian citizenship by birth.
  • To have an adequate knowledge of a language specified in the Eighth Schedule is one of the several qualifications prescribed for acquisition of Citizenship by Naturalisation.
  • Ans-B

5..With respect to the Finance Commission, consider the following statements:

  1. It can be constituted by the President even before the normal time gap of 5years.
  2. Its members are not eligible for reappointment.
  3. Its report is laid before both the Houses of the Parliament by the President.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)  1 and 3 only
(b)  3 only
(c)  1, 2 and 3
(d)  1 and 2 only
  • FC is constituted by the President of India every fifth year or at such earlier time as he considers necessary.
  • The Finance Commission consists of a chairman and four other members to be appointed by the president.
  • They hold office for such period as specified by the president in his order. They are eligible for reappointment.
  • The commission submits its report to the president.
  • He lays it before both the Houses of Parliament along with an explanatory memorandum as to the action taken on its recommendations.
  • Ans-A

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