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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-37

1.. Which of the following are the similarities between Indian Parliamentary System and British Parliamentary System?

  1. Supremacy of Parliament
  2. Elected head of state
  3. Majority party rule

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 and 2 only
(c) 3 only
(d) None

 

  • The features of parliamentary government in India are:

  Presence of nominal and real executives;

  Majority party rule,

  Collective responsibility of the executive to the legislature,

  Membership of the ministers in the legislature,

  Leadership of the prime minister or the chief minister,

  Dissolution of the lower House (Lok Sabha or Assembly).

  • There are some differences between the British Parliamentary system and that of India.
  • For example, the Indian Parliament is not a sovereign body like the British Parliament.
  • Also, the Indian State has an elected head (republic) while the British State has hereditary head (monarchy).
  • Ans-C


2..Who among the following is the head of Indian Audit and Account Department?

(a) Prime Minister
(b) Finance Secretary
(c) Finance Minister
(d) Comptroller and Auditor General
  • CAG is the head of the Indian Audit and accounts Department.
  • He is the guardian of the public purse and controls the entire financial system of the country at both the levels—the Centre and the state.
  • His duty is to uphold the Constitution of India and laws of Parliament in the field of financial administration.
  • Ans-D

3..Consider the following statements with regard to the Preamble to Indian Constitution:

1. Its provisions are enforceable in courts of law.
2. It is not a source of power to the legislature.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
The current opinion held by the Supreme Court is that the Preamble is an integral part of the Constitution. However, two things should be noted:

  • The Preamble is neither a source of power to legislature nor a prohibition upon the powers of legislature.
  • It is non-justiciable, that is, its provisions are not enforceable in courts of law.
  • Ans-B

4.. The expression Union of India under Article 1 of the Indian constitution include(s) which of the following?

1. States
2.Union Territories
3.Territories that India may acquire in the future
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a)  1 only
(b)  1 and 2 only
(c)  2 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
  • ‘Territory of India‘ is a wider expression than the Union of India‘ because the latter includes only states while the former includes not only the states but also union territories and territories that may be acquired by the Government of India at any future time.
  • Ans-A

5..Consider the following statements regarding imposition of Martial Law:

  1. Article 34 has defined the expression martial law in the Constitution.
  2. It affects both Fundamental rights and centre-state relations.
  3. It suspends the government and ordinary law courts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  2 and 3 only
(c)  3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
  • The concept of martial law has been borrowed from the English common law. However, the expression martial law‘ has not been defined anywhere in the constitution. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.
  • It affects only Fundamental Rights and not Centre- State relations because it is different from National Emergency. During the operation of martial law, the military authorities are vested with abnormal powers to take all necessary steps. They impose restrictions and regulations on the rights of the civilians, can punish the civilians and even condemn them to death. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.
  • It refers to a situation where civil administration is run by the military authorities according to their own rules. It thus implies the suspension of ordinary law and the government. It is imposed in some specific area of the country. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
  • ANS-C


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