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Prelims-IAS –POLITY MCQ Ans-40

1..The origin of ordinance making power as provided in Indian Constitution can be traced back to:

(a) Government of India Act, 1935
(b) Morley Minto Reforms, 1909
(c) Indian Councils Act, 1861
(d) Indian Councils Act, 1892
  • The Indian Councils Act of 1861, for the first time introduced Portfolio system. Each member of the Council of the Governor General was allocated portfolio of a particular department. The Governor General was authorized to exercise a veto and issue ordinances in a situation of emergency.
  • ANS-C

2..Consider the following statements regarding Constituent Assembly:

  1. It was a fully sovereign body.
  2. It could abrogate or alter any law made by the British Parliament in relation to India.
  3. Princely states never joined the assembly.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a)  1 and 2 only
(b)  1 and 3 only
(c)  2 and 3 only
(d)  1, 2 and 3
  • By the Indian Independence Act of 1947, the Assembly was made a fully sovereign body, which could frame any constitution it pleased.
  • The act empowered the Assembly to abrogate or alter any law made by the British Parliament in relation to India.
  • The representatives of the princely states, who had stayed away from the constituent Assembly, gradually joined in.
  • ANS-A

3..Which of the following could come under ‘reasonable restrictions’ provided by the constitution on exercise of Freedom of Speech and expression (Article 19(2))?

  1. Leaking classified material by an Intelligence officer.
  2. Giving speech to take up arms.
  3. Speech which can hamper stability of government in Lok Sabha.
  4. Contempt of Court.

Select the correct answer using code given below:

(a)  1, 2 and 4 only
(b)  1 and 3 only
(c)  2, 3 and 4 only
(d)  1, 2, 3 and 4
Article 19(2) provides that reasonable restrictions can be imposed on exercise of Freedom of Speech and expression under the following conditions:
the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence.
  • Leaking classified material by Intelligence officer. – can compromise security of state
  • Giving speech to take up arms – public order
  • Speech which can hamper stability of government in Lok Sabha – it does not fall under any criteria and hence would not be a reasonable restriction
  • Contempt of Court.
  • ANS-A

4..The Election Commission of India is responsible for holding elections to which of the following entities?

  1. Municipality elections
  2. Office of President
  3. Office of Vice-President
  4. Speaker of Lok Sabha

Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 2 and 3 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1 only
(d) None

The Election Commission is responsible for holding elections to:
  The Parliament
  State Legislatures
  Office of President
  Office of Vice-President
  • Municipality elections are conducted by the State Election Commission.
  • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is elected by the members of the Lok Sabha from amongst the already elected members.
  • ANS-A

5..Which among the following statements is/are correct regarding amending procedure of the Constitution?

1. All amendments to the Constitution are initiated only in the Parliament.
2. A private member can introduce a bill to amend the constitution.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
  • For amending the Constitution, provision has been made in Article 368 of the Constitution.
  • In this article, there are two methods of amending the Constitution and they apply to two different sets of articles of the Constitution.
  • One method is that amendment can be made by special majority of the two houses of the Parliament.
  • The other method is: it requires special majority of the Parliament and consent of half of the State legislatures.
  • All amendments to the Constitution are initiated only in the Parliament.
  • Like all other bills, it goes to the President for his assent, but in this case, the President has no powers to send it back for reconsideration.
  • The bill can be introduced either by a minister or by a private member and does not require prior permission of the president.
  • ANS-C

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