The region is rich in both metallic and non-metallic minerals. Mineral ores like iron, manganese, copper, bauxite, chromium, mica, gold, silver, zinc, lead, mercury, coal, diamond, precious stones, granite, marble and building stone.
About 98% of the Gondwana coal deposits are found in the Peninsular region.
A substantial part of Plateau is covered under black soil. The soil is conducive for the cultivation of cotton, millets, maize, pulses, orange and citrus fruits.
Some areas of southern peninsula are suitable for cultivation for the cultivation of tea, coffee, rubber, cashew spices, tobacco, groundnut and oil seeds.
The forests provide teak, sal, sandalwood, ebony, mahogany, bamboo, cane, rosewood and logwood as well as large variety of forest products.
The Ghats are rich in biodiversity of flora and fauna.
The hilly and mountainous areas of peninsula are abodes of many scheduled tribes.
There are numerous hill stations and hill resorts which are major attraction for tourists.