The Classical School OR Scientific Management

  • Taylor\ Fayol, Urwick\ Gilbreth”, Gantt,” believed more informal organizations are important than tight control and tight supervision instead they applied scientific principles.
  • The scientific management was derived by Taylor and his scientific principles include scientific method of doing work, planning for scientific selection, training and remuneration, standardization, specialization and division of work, time and motion studies, lifting the morale and mental satisfaction of workers.
  • Taylor’s scientific management principles in his terminology are ‘science, not rule of thumb; harmony, not discord; cooperation, not individualism; maximum output in place of restricted output; development of each man to his greatest efficiency and prosperity; and equitable division of work and responsibility between management and labour’.
  • Fayol’s contribution was an advancement of scientific management and he found the administrative theory. It is as follows.
Fayol’s Administrative theory
  • Fayol’s principles of management are shared with HRM.
  • Even modern organizations implement these principles, despite the fact that they were found in 1916.
  • Still the modem organizations possess similar divisions and departments introduced by him.
  • Fayol’s ideas like power and authority vested with managers, staff disciplines, personnel and equipment order of the organization, equal opportunities, fair treatment, job security, motivation, human quality aspects like, mutual cooperation, teamwork, commitment, are directly related with HRM.
  • The other two proponents’ views Gilbreth, and Gantts* helped for the concepts like, work measurement, work study of employees.
  • Gilbreth’s method study and Gantt’s, Gantt chart underpinned many work measurement and performance appraisal techniques and methods at later stage.

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