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The System Theory

  • Mitchell” indicates that system theory was firstly introduced by Von Bertalanffy.
  • System is a set of interrelated parts (subsystems).
  • Each part may have different sub-part and units.
  • These parts are mutually related to each other.
  • If any change occurs in one part, it naturally affects to other parts.
  • If a system is given a chance to interact with other systems, it is called open system.
  • Closed systems are not opened to interact with external environments.
  • Any organization is constructed upon various systems and subsystems.
  • Organizations consist with physical or material, social, psychological and biological subsystems.
  • Human body is built on different systems like skeleton, nervous, muscles, digestive and excretion and reproduction.
  • These systems and subsystems are interconnected and interdependent and more results could be achieved if their relationships and inter-connectivity are strengthened.
  • People who work in this kind organizational environment say within the system and subsystems have a definite goal to achieve.
  • Therefore in this systematic organization, all managers are to tend to work cooperatively.

  • In system theory, organization is visualized as a system consisting of interacting parts.
  • There are main ingredients in a system through which system analysis also could be performed.
  • These ingredients are parts of a system, interactions, links and communication, processes, and the goals of the systems.
  • Parts of a system are individuals, formal organization, informal organization, status and roles and the physical setting.
  • Individual is the most significant element of the system.
  • Parts of the system are interdependent each other.
  • Katz and Kahn state that system theory basically deals with the problems of relationship, of structure and interdependence of organization.
  • Moreover it deals with the functional aspect of reality of the system.
  • They identify the roles of an individual to play in the organization.
  • According to them, individual’s role is determined by the expectations of significant role senders in that organization, including the individual’s expectations from the roles is designated as “reflexive roles expectations”.
  • System theory indicates us concepts like inter-relationships, interpersonal relationships, coordination, cooperation, collaboration and communication which prevail in a systematic organization.
  • To assign a real value for the HRM thesis, a system’s theory is propounded.
  • Human resources are the main drivers and launchers of applying these concepts in their organizations.

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