- They are transitional forest between tropical wet evergreen forests and tropical deciduous forests.
- They are comparatively drier areas compared to tropical wet evergreen forests.
- Annual rainfall is 200-250 cm.
- Mean annual temperature varies from 24°C to 27°C.
- The relative humidity is about 75 per cent.
- The dry season is not short like in tropical evergreen forests.
- Western coast
- Lower slopes of the Eastern Himalayas
- Odisha and Andamans.
- The semi-evergreen forests are less dense.
- They are more gregarious (living in flocks or colonies – more pure stands) than the wet evergreen forests.
- These forests are characterized by many species.
- Trees usually have buttressed trunks with abundant epiphytes.
- The important species are laurel, rosewood, mesua, thorny bamboo – Western Ghats, white cedar, Indian chestnut, champa, mango, etc. – Himalayan region.
- Hardwood: Similar to that in tropical
- evergreen forests except that these forests are less dense with more pure stands (timber industry here is better than in evergreen forests).
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